• # question_answer ) How did Mendel interpret his result to show that traits may be dominant or recessive? Describe briefly.

 Mendel conducted breeding experiments on pea plants: He selected pure breed tall and dwarf plants. He cross pollinated these plants. In the ${{F}_{1}}$ generation obtained only tall plants, tallness is the dominant trait. Then, he produced ${{F}_{2}}$ generation by selfing of hybrids ${{F}_{1}}$ generation. He found that 3/4th of the plants were tall and 1/4th were dwarf. The trait which remains hidden in ${{F}_{1}}$ generation plants is the recessive trait.