12th Class Geography Solved Paper - Geography 2017 Outside Delhi Set-I

  • question_answer How is migration a response to the uneven distribution of opportunities over a space? Explain the economic consequences of migration in India.


    Migration is a response to the uneven distribution of opportunities because of the following reasons:
    (1) In India many people live in rural areas and they migrate to urban areas mainly due to poverty, high population pressure on land, lack of basic infrastructural facilities like health, education, etc. This proves that migration is responsible for the uneven distribution over space.
    (2) People tend to move from place of low opportunity and less safety to a place which has more opportunities and safe.
    Economic Consequences:
    (1) People migrating send remittance to their families at home and add to economic prosperity. Remittance from international migrants is one of the major sources of foreign exchange. India is the top receiver of remittance from abroad.
    (2) Remittance are used for food, repayment of debts, treatment, marriages, children education, agricultural development, construction of houses, etc. Thousands of poor villages of many states works as live blood for economy.
    (3) With the ushering of green revolution particularly in Punjab, Haryana, UP, poor people migrated to these stated from Eastern part of UP, Bihar, MP and Odisha. However unregulated migration to metropolitan cities has caused overcrowding and growth of slums.

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