12th Class Geography Solved Paper - Geography 2013 Delhi Set-II

  • question_answer Define the term 'Tourism', Explain any four factors that attract tourists in the world.


    Tourism is the travel for recreational, leisure, family or business purposes, usually of a limited duration. Tourism is commonly associated with trans-national travel, but may also refer to travel to another location within the same country. The World Tourism Organization defines tourists as people "traveling to and staying m places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes."
    Factors that attracts tourists are as follow:
    (i) Destination is often characterized by pull factors; these are conditions that intensively attract someone to a place. Examples of pull factors are favorable environmental conditions, peculiar physical attractions, people?s culture and traditions, the tourism and hospitality industry of a place.
    (ii) Tourists always ask friends for destination recommendations when they plan their overseas trips. This also means that if a business owner wins a tourist heart, it will probably see more tourists visiting there shortly after.
    (iii) All of a sudden, group tours have been rendered less important by the rise of social media and online forums. Posts about travel destinations easily cause online buzz and have a strong influence on people?s decision-making. Independent travelers also heavily rely on online travel forums to plan their travel itineraries.
    (iv) Easy to reach becomes an increasingly important factor for tourists as they are seeking more exciting destinations on their trips overseas. No one wants to visit such a destination that is too difficult to reach. Tourists often avoid destination in remote areas.

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