A) Calcium and sodium
B) Magnesium and sodium
C) Phosphorous and magnesium
D) Calcium and phosphorous
Correct Answer: D
Solution :[d] The matrix comprises the other major constituent of bone. It has inorganic and organic parts. The inorganic is mainly crystalline mineral salts and calcium, which is present in the form of hydroxyapatite. The matrix is initially laid down as unmineralized osteoid. Mineralisation involves osteoblasts secreting vesicles containing alkaline phosphatase. This cleaves the phosphate groups and acts as the foci for calcium and phosphate deposition.
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