|Direction: In each of the questions below are given three statements followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts. Read all the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements disregarding commonly known facts.|
|Some pens are sharpeners.|
|All sharpeners are erasers.|
|No eraser is ink.|
|I. Some pens are ink.|
|II. Some erasers are pens.|
A) Give Answer : If only Conclusion I follows
B) Give Answer : If only Conclusion II follows
C) Give Answer : If either Conclusion I or Conclusion II follows
D) Give Answer: If neither Conclusion I nor Conclusion II follows
E) Give Answer: If both Conclusions I and 11 follow
Correct Answer: B
Solution :; Some pens are sharpeners. (I-type) All sharpeners are erasers. (A-type) I +A = I-type of Conclusion "Some pens are erasers." Conclusion II is Converse of this Conclusion. Some pens are erasers. (I-type) No eraser is ink. (E-type) I + E = 0-type of Conclusion "Some pens are not ink." All sharpeners are erasers. (A-Type) No eraser is ink. (E-Type) A + E = E-type of Conclusion "No sharpener is ink."
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