SSC History Sample Paper NCERT Sample Paper-7

  • question_answer
    Large-scale communal riots took place in August 1946 in Calcutta because

    A)  Of the Cabinet Mission's mischievous plan of balkanising the country

    B)  The Viceroy called upon Nehru to form the interim government

    C)  The Viceroy refused to permit a coalition government of the Congress and the Muslim League

    D)  The Muslim League observed Direct Action Day on August 16.

    Correct Answer: D

    Solution :

    [d] The Calcutta Riots of 1946, also known as the "Great Calcutta Killing," were four days of massive Hindu-Muslim riots in the capital of Bengal, India, resulting in 5,000 to 10,000 dead, and some 15,000 wounded, between August 16 and 19, 1946. These riots are probably the most notorious single massacre of the 1946-47 period, during which large-scale violence occurred in many parts of India. However, the "Great Calcutta Killing" stands out somewhat in the history of Calcutta, given that it was by far the most deadly episode in the recent history of the city. The 'Direct Action' was announced by the Muslim League Council to show the strength of Muslim feelings both to British and Congress because Muslims feared that if the British just pulled out, Muslims would surely suffer at the hands of overwhelming Hindu majority, which resulted in the worst communal riots that British India had seen.

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