|Which of the following statements are true about Tribal Commission?|
|I. Art-339 says president to appoint a tribal Commission.|
|II. So far 3 tribal commission have been set up.|
|III. 1st tribal commission was constituted in 1960.|
|Which of the following is/are correct.|
A) I and II
B) II and III
C) I and III
D) All of the above
Correct Answer: C
Solution :[c] Article 339 of the Constitution says President needs to appoint a tribal commission after 10 years of commencement of Constitution and thereafter as and when he deems fit. So far two tribal Commissions have been made. First one in 1960 under the chairmanship of UN Dhebar and the second one in 2002 under the chairmanship of Dileep Singh Bhuria Now Government is planning to constitute third tribal Commission mainly to to formulate a new legislation to protect tribal land and examine if another Schedule should be added to the Constitution lo recognise traditional tribal governing institutions. The move is seen as a measure to develop remote, tribal-dominated districts and stem the menace of Naxalism. Primitive tribal groups here have always resisted panchayati raj institutions. They have been demanding that their traditional tribal councils he integrated with the state's democratic institutions for a governance system they are familiar with. At present, administration and control of Scheduled Areas arid Scheduled Tribes in all states, except north-eastern states, is governed by the Fifth Schedule of the Constitution. The Sixth Schedule pertains to the administration of tribal areas in Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram. The government is now exploring the possibility of a Thirteenth Schedule that could recognise the traditional governing bodies of tribals. The terms of reference of the commission also include exploring the option of greater role for the Centre in the administration of tribal areas, adequacy of existing constitutional statutory provisions for protection, administration and promotion of welfare of Scheduled Tribes and examining the desirability of a uniform framework for administration of old tribal areas (scheduled and unscheduled areas). The commission would also recommend a new legislation for protection of tribal land. The legislation proposed by the commission would be adopted by the Centre and would be circulated to states as a model legislation. Though Article 339 of the Constitution lays down that such a commission needs to be appointed after every 10 years, there have been only two commissions since Independence. The Dhebar Commission had gone into the circumstances leading to tribal land alienation and had observed that there was an urgent need to scrutinise legislations on transfer of tribal lands. The Bhuria Commission had suggested a viable comprehensive tribal policy.
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