|Which of the following is/are wrong?|
|(1) Bhadravati Steel Plant - not located near cold deposits|
|(2) First modem steel plant in India- Bumpur|
|(3) Bokaro & Bhilai steel plants - German collaboration|
|(4) Durgapur Steel plant- British help|
A) 1 & 2
B) 2, 3, & 4
C) 1, 2, & 3
D) 2 & 3
Correct Answer: D
Solution :[d] The first attempt to start an iron and steel mill at Portonovo (Parangipettai) in Tamil Nadu was made in 1830 by Joshia Heath with the help of East India Company. This attempt failed. Later, in 1870 a plant was set up at Kulti (near Kolkata). This plant was taken over by the Bengal Iron and Steel Company in 1889. Then first modem steel plant was set up in 1907. The credit of steel manufacturing on large scale goes to Jamshedji Tata, who set up Tata Iron and Steel Company (TISCO) at Sakchi (Jamshedpur- Jharkhand). This plant produced iron in 1911 and steel in 1913. In 1919, Indian Iron and Steel Company established a steel plant, at Bumpur (Hirapur-Kolkata). In 1923, Visvesvaraya Iron-and Steel Works Limited (Mysore) started functioning at Bhadravati (Karnataka).
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