|Which of the following statements about the socio-religious movements in India during the nineteenth century is/are correct?|
|In modem National Movement, socio-|
|(i) Religious reform played the prime role.|
|(ii) Religious leaders leaving all socio-religious controversies strengthened Indian socio strength.|
|(iii) Reforms helped Indians to have comparatively more self- confidence, self-respect and the feelings of patriotism.|
|(iv) Movements helped introduced to all Indians political and social freedom, equality and friendship.|
A) I, II, III and IV
B) I, II and III
C) I, II and IV
D) I and II
Correct Answer: A
Solution :[a] Indian society, in the 19th century, was trapped in a web of religious superstitions and social obscuritanism more so because of the advent of modern thoughts and ideas with the coming of the British. The major social problems which came in the preview of the reform movements were emancipation of women in which sati, infanticide, child and widow remarriage, Casteism, untouchability were taken up for enlightening the society and in the religious spheres main issues like idolatry, polytheism, religious superstitions and exploitation by priests were taken up. Brahmo Samaj in Bengal, Arya Samaj in Punjab, Paramhamsa Mandalis and Prarthana Samaj in Maharashtra, Ahmadiya, Aligarh movements, Singh Sabha, Rehnumai Mazdeyasan Sabha, etc. were some of the socio-religious organisations which tried to relieve their religions from the burdens of blind faith and superstitions.
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