|Anti-dumping duties includes the feature:|
|1. It is a duty which is imposed by way of additional import duty on goods|
|2. Sometimes the cost of the goods is even below the cost of production in the country of origin|
|Which of these statements is/are correct?|
A) Only 1
B) Only 2
C) Both 1 and 2
D) neither 1 nor 2
Correct Answer: C
Solution :Dumping is said to occur when the goods are exported by a country to another country at a price lower than its normal value. This is an unfair trade practice which can have a distortive effect on international trade. Anti-dumping is a measure to rectify the situation arising out of the dumping of goods and its trade distortive effect. Thus, the purpose of anti-dumping duty is to rectify the trade distortive effect of dumping and re-establish fair trade. The use of anti-dumping measure as an instrument of fair competition is permitted by the WTO. In fact, anti-dumping is an instrument for ensuring fair trade and is not a measure of protection per se for the domestic industry. It provides relief to the domestic industry against the injury caused by dumping.
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