A) The male is of higher caste and the female is of lower caste
B) The male is of lower caste and female is of higher caste
C) The male and female both of lower caste
D) None of the above statements [a] [b] and [c] are correct
Correct Answer: A
Solution :[a] During the Vedic Age inter-class marriages used to take place in the form of Anuloma marriage. Anuloma marriage is a social practice according to which a boy from upper varna / caste / class can marry a girl from lower varna / caste / class. Anuloma marriage was recommended by the ancient Hindu law writers for the first three varnas or classes of the then society namely, the Brahmins; the Kshatriyas; and the Vaishyas. According to the Dharmashastrakaras, a girl should marry in her own varna, failing which she may marry one in any of the higher varna. In the Rig Vedic period, the priests who performed Yajnas [sacrifices] arranged by the kings, married Kshatriya girls offered to them as "dakshina" or fees for their services. Pratiloma is a type of marital practice in which a man of lower class / caste / varna marries a girl of higher class / caste / varna. Such cases of Shudra-Aryan connections are also recorded in the Vedic texts. Some Dharmashastrakaras had even permitted the practice of "pratiloma" while many condemned it. By the time of Dharmashastras, greater disapproval was shown towards this practice. Even here, the marriage of Brahmin / Kshatriya / Vaishya girl with Shudra boy was more despised with, than the marriage of a Brahmin girl with a Kshatriya / Vaishya boy.
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