|Consider the following statements:|
|Assertion : Diabetes mellitus is a condition in which a person has a high blood sugar (glucose) level as a result of the body either not producing enough insulin or because body cells do not properly respond to insulin that is produced.|
|Reason(R): Gestational diabetes is when pregnant women who have never had diabetes before have a high blood glucose level during pregnancy. In the context of the above two statements which one of the following is correct?|
A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A
B) Both A and R are true and R is not a correct explanation of A
C) A is true but R is false.
D) A is false but R is true.
Correct Answer: B
Solution :[b] Explanation: Diabetes is a risk factor for heart disease which is now the biggest killer in the country. There are three main types of diabetes: Type 1 diabetes: results from the body's failure to produce insulin, and presently requires the person to inject insulin. (Also referred to as insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, IDDM for short, and juvenile diabetes.) Type 2 diabetes: results from insulin resistance, a condition in which cells fail to use insulin properly, sometimes combined with an absolute insulin deficiency. (Formerly referred to as non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, NIDDM for short, and adult-onset diabetes.) Gestational diabetes: is when pregnant women, who have never had diabetes before, have a high blood glucose level during pregnancy. It may precede development of type 2 DM. The classical symptoms of diabetes are polyuria (frequent urination), polydipsia (increased thirst) and polyphagia (increased hunger). Symptoms may develop rapidly (weeks or months) in type 1 diabetes while in type 2 diabetes they usually develop much more slowly and may be subtle or absent.
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