SSC History Sample Paper NCERT Sample Paper-1

  • question_answer
    With reference to the Harappan civilization consider the following statements:
    1. The city of Dholavira was in the form of a parallelogram guarded by a fortification.
    2. A ploughed-field, showing a grid of furrows, located outside the town-wall has been discovered at Kalibangan. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

    A)  1 only 

    B)  2 only

    C)  Both 1 and 2    

    D)  Neither 1 nor 2

    Correct Answer: C

    Solution :

    [c] The ancient site at Dholavira, in Gujarat, lies in the island of Khadir which, in turn, is surrounded by the salt waste of the Great Rann of Kachch. The ancient settlement is embraced by two monsoon channels, namely, the Manhar and Mansar. The ruins, including the cemetery covers an area of about 100 hectares half of which is appropriated by the articulately fortified settlement of the Harappans alone. The salient components of the full-grown cityscape consisted of a bipartite 'citadel', a 'middle town' and a 'lower town', two 'stadia', an 'annex', a series of reservoirs all set within an enormous fortification running on all four sides. Interestingly, inside the city, too, there was an intricate system of fortifications. The city was, perhaps, configured like a large parallelogram boldly outlined by massive walls with their longer axis being from the east to west. On the bases of their relative location, planning, defences and architecture, the three principal divisions are designed tentatively as 'citadel', 'middle town', and 'lower town'. "Kalibangan in Rajasthan has given the evidence of the earliest (c. 2800 BC) ploughed agricultural field ever revealed through an excavation." It has been found south east of the pre-Harappan settlement, outside the fort. "Kalibangan excavations in present western Rajasthan shows a ploughed field, the first site of this nature in the world. It shows a grid pattern of furrows, placed about 30 cm apart running east-west and other spaced about 190 cm apart running north-south, a pattern remarkably similar to the one practiced even now." Even today, similar ploughing is used for two simultaneous crops in this region, esp. of mustard and gram. For preservation, this excavated ploughed field area was refilled after excavation and the area was marked by concrete pillar posts.

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