|Consider the following statements|
|The arrival of Babur into the Indian subcontinent led to the|
|1. Introduction of gunpowder in the subcontinent.|
|2. Introduction of the arch and dome in the region's architecture.|
|3. Establishment of a Timurid dynasty in the region.|
|Which of the statements given above is/are correct?|
A) Only 1
B) 1 and 2
C) 2 and 3
D) Only 3
Correct Answer: D
Solution :[d] Gunpowder weapons contributed vitally to the formation of regional states-in fifteenth-century India before they became crucial factors in the establishment and expansion of the Mughal Empire in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. On the battlefield use and effects of gunpowder weapons, however, his text-based conclusions seem less persuasive, especially with regard to such matters as the accuracy of matchlock muskets, their extensive use by Mughal cavalry, and their large role in rural resistance to Mughal rule. Such caveats should not, however, detract from the overall importance of this erudite work. (Gunpowder and Firearms: Warfare in Medieval India. By Iqtidar Alam Khan. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2004.) The Timurids lost control of most of Persia to the Safavid dynasty in 1501, but members of the dynasty continued to rule parts of Central Asia and parts of India, sometimes known as the Timurid Emirates. In the 16th century, Babur, a Timurid prince from Ferghana (modem Uzbekistan), invaded Kabulistan (modem Afghanistan) and established a small kingdom there, and from there 20 years later he invaded Hindustan to establish the Mughal Empire.
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