|Consider the following statements.|
|1. Both Botanical Survey of India and Zoological Survey of India are associated with-the Environmental Impact Assessment of various projects.|
|2. The buffer zones of the Biosphere Reserves are used for cooperative activities compatible with sound ecological practices, including environmental education, recreation, eco-tourism and applied and basic research.|
|3. Biosphere reserves are established under the auspices of United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) Programme on Man and Biosphere (MAB).|
|Which of the statements given above are correct?|
A) 2 and 3
B) 1 and 2
C) All of these
D) None of these
Correct Answer: C
Solution :[c] Botanical Survey of India (BSI) It is the apex research organisation under the Ministry of Environment and Forests Government of India for carrying out taxonomic and floristic studies on wild plant resources of the country. It undertake; Environmental Impact Assessment with special reference -: ecology and wildlife and provides necessary services to asses; possible impact and also mitigating measures. The Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) A subordina-s organisation of the Ministry of Environment and Forests was established in 1916, as a National Centre for Faunistic Surve. and Exploration of the resources leading to the advancement knowledge on the exceptionally rich faunal diversity of re country. It is also associated with the EIA of various projects. Biosphere Reserves It was established under the auspices of United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) Programme on Man and Biosphere (MAB). In order to be designated a Biosphere Reserve, a candidate ecosystem must be nominated by a National Government approved by the UNESCO's Man and Biosphere Programme order to satisfy UNESCO's Programme requirements, each biosphere reserve must contain three elements which as follow Core Areas These areas are securely protected sites conserving biological diversity, monitoring minimally disturbed ecosystems and undertaking non-destructive research and other low-impact uses (such as education). Buffer Zones These areas must be clearly identified and usually surround or adjoin the core areas. Buffer Zones may be used for cooperative activities compatible with sound ecological practices, including environmental education, recreator eco-tourism and applied and basic research. Transition or Cooperation, Zones These areas may contain towns, farms, fisheries and other human activities and are areas, where local communities, management agencies scientists, non-governmental organisations, cultural groups, economic interests and other stakeholders work together to manage and sustainably develop the area's resources.
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