|Consider the following statements.|
|1. A person who is not a member of either House of Parliament can be appointed as the Prime Minister.|
|2. A person must prove his majority in the Lok Sabha before he is appointed as the Prime Minister.|
|3. He must be a member of any of two Houses of Parliament.|
|4. Article 75 says only that the Prime Minister shall be appointed by the President.|
|Which of the statements given above are incorrect?|
A) 1 and 2
B) 2 and 4
C) 1, 3 and 4
D) 3 and 4
Correct Answer: B
Solution :[b] The President is not free to appoint anyone as the Prime Minister. In accordance with the conventions of the Parliamentary system of government, the President has to appoint the leader of the majority party in the Lok Sabha as the Prime Minister. In 1980, the Delhi High Court held that the Constitution does not require that a person must prove his majority in the Lok Sabha before he is appointed as the Prime Minister. The President may first appoint him the Prime Minister and then ask him to prove his majority in the Lok Sabha within a reasonable period. Article 75 says the Prime Minister shall be appointed by the President and the other Ministers shall be appointed by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister.
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