UPSC General Studies Sample Paper General Studies Sample Paper-3

  • question_answer
    The Gross National Happiness (GNH) index differs or is similar to HDI. Which of the following respects?
    1. HDI focuses mainly on the non-material side of development similar to the GNH.
    2. GNH includes a responsive, transparent and accountability government as an important indicator of development unlike the HDI.
    3. HDI values are affected by the levels of ecological degradation and imbalances.
    Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

    A)  Only 2             

    B)  1 and 2

    C)  Only 1 

    D)  All of these

    Correct Answer: D

    Solution :

    [d] Human Development Index (HDI) is a compo statistic of life expectancy, education and income indices used to rank countries into four tier of human development It was created by Indian economist Amartya Sen and Pakistani Economist Muhhub ul Haq in 1990 and published by UNDP. Gross National Happiness (GNH) was designed i" attempt to define an indicator and concept that measures quality of life or social progress. GNH is only been used in Bhutan. The HDI has been criticised on a number of grounds including ecological degradation and imbalances. 

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