|Which of the following are the objectives of the Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) Policy 2013?|
|1. Positioning India among the top five global scientific powers by 2020.|
|2. Raising Gross Expenditure in Research and Development (GERD) to 2% from the present 1% of the GDP in this decade by encouraging enhanced private sector contribution.|
|3. India has declared 2010-20 as the 'Decade of Innovation'.|
|4. A strong and visible Science, Research and Innovation System for High Technology led path for India (SRISHTI).|
|Select the correct answer using the codes given below.|
A) 1 and 2
B) 1, 2 and 3
C) 3 and 4
D) All of these
Correct Answer: D
Solution :[d] All the given statements are the objectives of Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) Policy 2013. The key features of the STI Policy 2013 are as follow Promoting the spread of scientific temper amongst all sections of society Enhancing skills for applications of science among the young from all social sectors. Making careers in science, research and innovation attractive enough for talented and bright minds. Establishing world class infrastructure for Research and Development for gaining global leadership in some select frontier areas of science. Positioning India among the top five global scientific powers by 2020 (by Increasing the share of global scientific publications from 3.5% to over 7% and quadrupling the number of papers in top 1% journals from the current levels). Linking contributions of Science, Research and Innovatior system with the inclusive economic growth agenda and combining priorities of excellence and relevance. Creating an environment for enhanced private sector participation in Research and Development. Aims at 2% of GDP in next 5 years from current 1%. Enabling conversion of Research and Development output with societal and commercial applications by replicating hitherto successful models, as well as establishing of new Public Private Partnership (PPP) structures. Seeking Science and Technology based high .risk innovation through new mechanisms. Fostering resource optimised cost-effective innovation'" across size and technology domains. Triggering in the mindset and value systems to recognize respect and reward performances which create wealth from Science and Technology derived knowledge. Creating a robust national innovation system. 2010-20 has been declared as "decade of innovation".
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