|Examine the following statements regarding the administration of scheduled and tribal areas in the Constitution.|
|1. Distinction between scheduled and tribal areas is made on the basis of forest and non-forest tribes.|
|2. Any law made by Parliament can be excluded from application to a scheduled area by the Governor.|
|3. Governor is free to increase or decrease the size and change the name of autonomous district councils in tribal areas.|
|Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?|
A) 1 and 2
B) 1 and 3
C) 2 and 3
D) Only 1
Correct Answer: C
Solution :[c] Scheduled areas and tribal areas are mentioned in Schedules 5 and 6 of the Constitution respectively. While, the 5th Schedule deals with scheduled areas and scheduled tribes in all parts of India except Asom, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram, the 6th Schedule deals only with tribal areas in Asom, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram. This distinction is made not on the basis of forest non-forest tribes, but for certain other anthropological reasons. Thus, Statement 1 is incorrect. Statement 2 is correct and the 5th Schedule empowers the Governor to exclude any law made by Parliament from being applied to a scheduled area.
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