8th Class English Sample Paper English Sample Paper - 7

  • question_answer 3) Read the passage below and answer the questions that follows:                                                         Childhood obesity rates have sky-rocketed in recent years. This trend is worrisome because it greatly increases children's risk for remaining obese in adulthood, which in turn increases their risk for other health related issues such as high blood pressure/ heart disease, stroke, cancer diabetes, and respiratory problems which might increase risk of premature death as adults. Obesity can be the stage for problems too. Obese children are more likely to suffer from low self-esteem, depression, anxiety and social ostracism. It is, therefore, extremely important for parents to see that their children live a healthy lifestyle. Healthy lifestyle includes eating nutritious meals, getting plenty of exercise and adequate sleep every day. These positive health habits will help children grow strong, stay healthy, and decrease the likelihood of obesity. Healthy diet and adequate exercise are important in preventing Type II diabetes in childhood as well as obesity. Diabetes is a metabolic disease in which the body cells can't properly break down the sugars from food. The body then starts accumulating the sugars in the bloodstream instead and ultimately stresses out the kidneys, heart, circulatory system, and eyes. Insulin, which is created in the pancreas, is the chemical that breaks down blood sugar. In Type II diabetes, the body does not produce enough insulin to deal with all the sugars coming into the body. This medical condition is termed as "adult-onset diabetes' because the disorder primarily affects adults with poor eating and activity habits. This trend sometimes has an adverse impact on others. In contrast to those who overeat and don't get enough exercise, other children become obsessed with over-controlling their food intake and start over exercising. Media too can sometimes play havoc. By constantly exposing children to a barrage of perfect, photo-shopped bodies on television and magazines, children get tempted to imitate those images and go on a strict diet plan. Overemphasis on extreme thinness can again put children at risk of poor self-esteem, unhealthy exercise patterns, and eating disorders such as anorexia. Children who practice healthy eating and exercise regularly since their childhood tend to maintain a healthy lifestyle through adulthood. It is imperative for parents to teach children to choose healthy food in preference to junk food and also eat in modest portions.
    (ii) Complete the following statements in one word phrase:                                                              
    (a) By saying obesity rate have ________the writer implies that they have increased drastically.
    (b) Both overweight and underweight children tend to suffer from ________.
    (c) Obesity can lead to _________, _________including premature death in adulthood.
    (d) Type II diabetes can be prevented ____________and _________.

    Answer:

    (ii) (a) sty-rocketed     
    (b) low self-esteem/inferiority complex
    (c) high blood pressure, diabetes, heart problems, cancer, stroke (any two)
    (d) healthy eating, exercising


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