AIDS is Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome.
Causes: It is caused by the Human Immuno Deficiency Virus (HIV) which is a retrovirus having envelops enclosing RNA genome.
Transmission of HIV occurs.
- By sexual contact with the infected person, transfusion of contaminated blood and blood products, sharing infected needles, from infected mother to her child through placenta.
High risk individuals:
(a) Those having multiple sexual partners.
(b) Drug addicts taking the drugs intravenously.
(c) Individuals who require repeated blood transfusions.
(d) Children born to an HIV infected mother.
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