Ans. The official definitions of the small scale unit are as follows: (i)Small-Scale Industries: These are the industrial undertakings having fixed investment in plant and machinery, whether held on ownership basis or lease basis or hire purchase basis not exceeding Rs.1 crore. (ii)Ancillary Industries: These are industrial undertakings having fixed investment in plant and machinery not exceeding Rs.1 crore engaged in or proposed to engage in, (a) The manufacture of parts, components, sub-assemblies, tooling or intermediaries, or (b) The rendering of services supplying 30 per cent of their production or services as the case may be, to other units for production of other articles. (iii) Tiny Units: These refer to undertakings having fixed investment in plant and machinery not exceeding Rs.23 lakhs. These also include undertakings providing services such as laundry, xeroxing, repairs and maintenance of customer equipment and machinery, hatching and poultry etc. located m towns with population less than 50,000. (iii) Small - Scale Service Establishments: These mean enterprises engaged in personal or household services in rural areas and town with population not exceeding 50000 and having fixed investment in plant and machinery not exceeding Rs.25 lakhs. (v) Household Industries: These cover artisans, skilled craftsman and technicians who can work in their own houses if their work requires less than 300 square feet space, less than 1 Kw power, less than 5 workers and no pollution is caused. Handicrafts, toys, dolls, small plastic and paper products, electronic and electrical gadgets are some of the examples of these industries.
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