Causes of poverty in India arc: (a) Destruction of traditional handicrafts industries by the colonial government of British. (b) Low growth rate of incomes accompanied by high growth rate of population resulted in very low per capita income. (c) The impact of Green Revolution was restricted to only few states and crops. (d) Unequal distribution of agricultural land resulted in rural poverty. (e) Land reform measures were not implemented effectively. (f) Other socio-cultural and economic factors include lack of education, high rates of education, high rates of interest on rural credit by private money lenders, expenditure on ceremonies and rituals, etc.
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