|(i) After the American war of independence and the formation of the USA, the White Americans began to move westward.|
|(ii) They felt that this area could be cleared and turned into cultivated fields. Forest timber could be cut for export and mountains could be mined for gold and minerals.|
|(iii) Then the US government opted for a policy to drive the American Indians westward first beyond the Mississippi river and then further west.|
|(iv) Many wars were waged against Indians in which many Indians were killed and their villages were burnt.|
|(v) The Indians resisted, triumphed in many wars but were ultimately forced to sign treaties, give up their land and move westward.|
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