|(i) Once the crop had ripened, it had to be harvested. Before the 1830s, the grain used to be harvested with a cradle or sickle.|
|(ii) At harvest time, hundreds of men and women could be seen in the fields cutting the crop.|
|(iii) In 1831, Cyrus McCormick invented the first mechanical reaper which could cut in one day as much as five men could cut with cradles and 16 men with sickles.|
|(iv) By the early 20th century most farmers were using combined harvesters to cut the crop.|
|(v) With one of these machines, 500 acres of wheat could be harvested in two weeks.|
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