|(i) The Portuguese had introduced opium into China where it was used for medical purposes in very small quantity.|
|(ii) The Chinese were aware of the danger of opium addiction and the Emperor had forbidden its production and sale except for medicinal purposes.|
|(iii) But the English began an illegal trade in opium.|
|(iv) It was unloaded in a number of seaports of south-eastern China and carried by local agents to the interiors.|
|(v) While the English cultivated a taste for Chinese tea, the Chinese became addicted to opium.|
|(vi) People of all classes took to the drug?shopkeepers and peddlers, officials and army men, aristocrats and also the poor.|
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