UPSC History The Harappan Civilization Question Bank Indus Valley Civizlization

  • question_answer Pair the Harappan settlements with the banks of rivers on which they were located:
    A. Lothal           1.  Indus
    B. Kalibangan      2.  Sutlej
    C. Ropar           3.  Ravi
    D. Harappa         4.  Ghaggar
    E. Mohenjodaro     5.  Bhogavo

    A)

    A B C D E
    5 4 2 3 1
                   

    B)

    A B C D E
    2 5 1 4 3
                   

    C)

    A B C D E
    4 5 2 3 1
                   

    D)

    A B C D E
    5 4 3 2 1

    Correct Answer: A

    Solution :

    Lothal is considered to be the last town on the tributary of the river saraswati, bhogavo, also called lavanavati. The site was excavated in 1954 by the Archaeological Survey of India. Kalibangan, one of the main sites of the Indus Valley Civilization, is located on the banks of the Ghaggar river. It literally means 'black bangles'. Many scholars believe that it was earlier located on the bank of the river saraswati, which dried up by 2000 BC. Ropar is an ancient mound, situated on the left bank of the river Sutlej. Ropar yields a sequence of six cultural phases with a few breaks from the Harappan times to the contemporary period. The Archaeological Survey of India, under Dr. Y.D. Sharma, carried out the excavations at Ropar, Harappa, an urban center of the Indus civilization, lies on an old bed of the River Ravi. It is of utmost importance to archaeologists due to the presence of a granary, a large building with air ducts. A set of working platforms to the south of the granary also interests archaeologists. Mohenjodaro, another important site, is located west of the Indus River in district Larkana, in a central position between the two rivers, Indus and the Ghaggar Hakra. It was one of the largest cities of the civilization.                

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