UPSC History The Harappan Civilization Question Bank Indus Valley Civizlization

  • question_answer Consider the following statements and select the correct answer from the codes given below:
    Assertion (A): The worship of Mother Goddess as a feature of Harappan religion was prevalent in all the main Harappan cities.
    Reason (R): The female terracotta figurines have been discovered in large numbers from Harappa and Mohenjodaro.

    A)  Both A and R are true and R is the correct emanation of A.

    B)  Both A and R are true, but R is not the correct explanation of A.

    C)  A is true, but R is false

    D)  A is false, but R is true

    Correct Answer: C

    Solution :

    The worship of the Mother Goddess was an important feature of the Harappan religion. This perception is not because of tile discovery of a large number of female terracotta figurines, but because of certain representations on seals. For instance, one of the discovered seals shows a nude woman, with her legs apart, head downwards and a plant stemming out from her vagina, interpreted as a prototype of the Earth mother, Shakambhari. Also, not all of the female terracotta figurines represented goddesses or had maternal associations. Some of them are believed to have a cultic significance, or as a part of household rituals and may also have been used as toys or decorative items.


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