UPSC History Expansion Company and Bengal Nawabs Question Bank British Establishment and Regional Powers

  • question_answer The interest of the British Government of India in Afghanistan in the nineteenth century came about in order to [NDA 2015-I]

    A)  make use of the natural resources of Afghanistan.

    B)  ensure that the Russian empire did not have an influence over Afghanistan.

    C)  increase the reach of the British Empire.

    D)  establish a monopoly over the markets of Afghanistan.

    Correct Answer: B

    Solution :

     The British became the major power in the Indian sub-continent after the Treaty of Paris (1763) and began to show interest in Afghanistan as early as their 1809 treaty with Shuja Shah Durrani. It was the threat of the expanding Russian Empire beginning to push for an advantage in the Afghanistan region that placed pressure on British India, in what became known as die "Great Game". The Great Game set in motion the confrontation of the British and Russian empires, whose spheres of influence moved steadily closer to one another until they met in Afghanistan.

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