11th Class Chemistry Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure Question Bank 11th CBSE Chemistry Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure

  • question_answer o-nitrophenol is steam volatile while p-nitrophenol is not. Discuss.


                    In o-nitrophenol, intra molecular hydrogen bonding is present while inter molecular hydrogen is present in the molecules of p-nitrophenol. Energy is needed to overcome attractive forces in the molecules of p-nitrophenol but no such energy is required in case of molecules in o-nitrophenol. This means that the boiling point of o-nitrophenol is less and is steam volatile while that of p-nitrophenol is more and is, therefore, non-volatile in steam.                     

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