11th Class Chemistry Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure Question Bank 11th CBSE Chemistry Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure

  • question_answer Arrange the following in order of decreasing bond angles (i)\[C{{H}_{4}},\,N{{H}_{3}},\,{{H}_{2}}O,\,B{{F}_{3}},\,{{C}_{2}}{{H}_{2}}\] (ii) \[N{{H}_{3}},\,NH_{2}^{-},\,NH_{4}^{+}\]

    Answer:

                    (i) \[N{{H}_{3}}(107{}^\circ )>{{H}_{2}}O>(104.5{}^\circ ).\] (ii)\[NH_{4}^{+}>N{{H}_{3}}>NH_{2}^{-}\] This is because all of them involve\[s{{p}^{3}}\] hybridization. The number of lone pair of electrons present on N-atom are 0, 1 and 2 respectively. Greater the number of lone pairs, greater are the repulsions on the bond pairs and hence smaller is the angle.


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