11th Class Chemistry Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure Question Bank 11th CBSE Chemistry Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure

  • question_answer You are given the electronic configuration of five neutral atoms - A, B, C, D and E. \[A-1{{s}^{2}}\,2{{s}^{2}}\,2{{p}^{6}}\,3{{s}^{2}};\]\[B-1{{s}^{2}}2{{s}^{2}}\,2{{p}^{2}}\,3{{s}^{1}};\]\[C-1{{s}^{2}}2{{s}^{2}}2{{p}^{1}};\]\[D-1{{s}^{2}}\,2{{s}^{2}}\,2{{p}^{5}};\]\[E-1{{s}^{2}}\,2{{s}^{2}}\,2{{p}^{6}}\]. Write the empirical formula for the substances containing (i) A and D (ii) B and D (iii) only D (iv) only E.

    Answer:

                    (i) The empirical formula for the compound containing A and D is \[A{{D}_{2}}\]. This is because atom A has two valence electrons while D has seven electrons. Therefore, A donates two electrons to two atoms of D and the compound has the formula \[A{{D}_{2}}\]. (ii) The empirical formula for the compound is BD because B loses one electron while D accept it. (iii) Two atoms of D can share one electron each to complete their octet. Therefore, the empirical formula of the compound is \[{{D}_{2}}\]. (iv) Since E has the configuration of a noble gas (Ne), it is, therefore, mono atomic and exists as E.


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