Standards of Length, Mass and Time
Category : 11th Class
(1) Length : Standard metre is defined in terms of wavelength of light and is called atomic standard of length.
The metre is the distance containing 1650763.73 wavelength in vacuum of the radiation corresponding to orange red light emitted by an atom of krypton-86.
Now a days metre is defined as length of the path travelled by light in vacuum in 1/299,7792, 45 part of a second.
(2) Mass : The mass of a cylinder made of platinum-iridium alloy kept at International Bureau of Weights and Measures is defined as 1 kg.
On atomic scale, 1 kilogram is equivalent to the mass of 5.0188 x 1025 atoms of 6C12 (an isotope of carbon).
(3) Time : 1 second is defined as the time interval of 9192631770 vibrations of radiation in Cs-133 atom. This radiation corresponds to the transition between two hyperfine level of the ground state of Cs-133.
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