The thin strands of thread which are used to make yarns are called fibres.
Yarn is made by twisting the fibres.
Fibres are of two types - natural and synthetic.
Natural fibres are obtained either from plants or animals. e.g., cotton, jute, coconut, flax, silk, wool, etc.
Synthetic fibres are man-made fibres, which are made by using chemicals. e.g., polyester, acrylic, nylon, etc.
Separating seeds from cotton bolls is called ginning.
Yarn is spun from cotton fibre using takli or charkha.
Process of spinning yarn into a fabric is called weaving.
Jute fibre is made by immersing jute stem in water for a few days.
Woollen fabric is made by knitting. It is the criss-cross laying of yarns tightly using weaving machines or knitting rods. For example, a sweater is made of a fabric (wool) made of a single yarn (thread).
Woollen fibres are obtained from the fleece or fur of animals. Silk fibres are obtained from cocoons of silkworms.
Coconut fibre is obtained from the outer covering of the coconut fruit (coconut husk).
In ancient times people used leaves, animal skins and furs to cover themselves.
Vines, animal fleece or hair are also twisted together into long strands and were woven into fabrics.