# 6th Class Mental Ability Direction Sense Test Direction Test

Direction Test

Category : 6th Class

Direction Test

Learning Objectives

• Concept of Direction
• Concept of Turn
• Concept of Minimum Distance

Concept of Direction

In our day to day life we make our concept of direction after seeing the position of the sun. In fact, this is truth that sun rises in the East and goes down in the West. Thus, when we stand facing sunrise then our front is called East while our back is called West. At this position, our left hand is in the northward and the right hand is in the southward. Let us see the following direction map that will make your concept more clear.

Direction Map:

Note: On paper North is always on the top while South is always at the bottom.

Concept of Turn

Left turn            =   Anti clockwise turn

Right turn           =   Clockwise turn

Let us understand it through pictorial presentation:"

(i)          (ii)

(iii)           (iv)

Important Points Regarding Directions

• If our face is towards North, then after left turn our face will be towards West while after right turn it will be towards East.
• If our face is towards South, then after left turn our face will be towards East and after right turn it will be towards West.
• If our face is towards East, then after left turn our face will be towards North and after right turn it will be towards South.
• If our face is towards West, then after left turn our face will be towards South and after right turn it will be towards North.
• If our face is towards North West, then after left turn our face will be towards South West and after right turn it will be towards North East.
• If our face is towards South West, then after left turn our face will be towards South East and after right turn it will be towards North West.
• If our face is towards South East, then after left turn our face will be towards North East and after right turn it will be towards South West.
• If our face is towards North East, then after left turn our face will be towards North West and after right turn it will be towards South East.

Concept of Minimum Distance

Minimum distance between initial and last point

${{h}^{2}}={{b}^{2}}+{{p}^{2}},$ where

h   =  Hypotenuse

b   =  Base

p   =  perpendicular

Remember this important rule is known as 'Pythagoras Theorem'.

Example 1

Pinki starts moving from a point P towards East. After walking some distance she turns her left. Now, her direction is definitely towards North.

Explanation: Pictorial presentation explains the truth.

Let us see:

Example 2

Monu starts walking from a point P towards West. After some distance he takes right turns and walks to appoint A. Now, his direction from P is definitely towards North West.

Explanation: Pictorial presentation explains the truth.

Let us see;

NW       = North West

NE        = North East

SW       = South West

SE        = South East

Mani starts walking from a certain point towards North and after some distance he takes left turn and starts moving. In which direction is he moving now?

(a) North                        (b) East

(c) South                       (d) West

(e) None of these

Explanation: Option (d) is correct

Clearly, Mani is moving towards West.

Rest of the options is incorrect because of the correctness of option (d).

Ramesh starts moving towards South from his house P. He walks some distance and then turns his left. Which direction is he looking now?

(a) East                                        (b) West

(c) North                                    (d) South

(e) None of these

Explanation: Option (a) is correct.

Clearly, Ramesh is looking towards East.

Rest of the options is incorrect because of the correctness of option (a).

Ruchi is driving a car she drives from her house H towards East and after driving some distance she takes left turn and reaches the market M. In which direction is the market from Ruch’s house?

(a) North West                (b) North East

(c) South West                (d) South East

(e) None of these

Explanation: Option (b) is correct.

Rest of the options is incorrect because of the correctness of option (b).

Ramu walks towards North from a certain point P and after reaching a point Q he takes left turn. In which direction is Ramu moving now?

(a) South                                    (b) North

(c) West                                     (d) East

(e) None of these

Explanation: Option (c) is correct.

Clearly, Ramu is moving towards West.

Rest of the options is incorrect because of the correctness of option (c).

Tinkrs house is just opposite to Pink/s house. Tinki goes straight towards North and reaches Pinky's house, if Pinky has to go Tinky's house, then in which direction should Pinky go?

(a) South                                  (b) North

(c) East                                      (d) West

(e) None of these

Explanation: Option (a) is correct because Tinky’s and Pinky's house are opposite to each other. To reach Pink/s house, Tinki has to go straight towards North. Therefore, clearly, to go Tinky’s house Pinky will have to go exactly opposite to North and that direction will be South.

P          = pinky’s House

T          = Tinky’s House

Rest of the options is incorrect because of the correctness of option (a).

Summary

• There are four main directions and they are East, West, North and South.
• There are also four corner directions and they are -North East, -North West-, -South East and-South West.
• East and West are exactly opposite directions.
• North East is exactly opposite to ‘South West’.
• North West is exactly opposite to ‘South East.
• Sunrise and sunset give us the idea of direction.
• On paper. North is always on the top and South is always at the bottom while East is towards our right hand and West is towards our left hand.

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##### Notes - Direction Test

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