# 6th Class Mental Ability Analogy 372 Anology

Anology

Category : 6th Class

Analogy

Learning Objectives

• What is Analogy
• Types of Problems

Analogy

Simple meaning of analogy is similarity. But, in terms of reasoning, the meaning of analogy is logical similarity in two or more things. This similarity may be on the basis of properties, kinds, traits, shapes etc.

Example:

(i) Student : School : : Patient : Hospital

Explanation: A 'Student' goes to ‘School’ in the same way a 'Patient' goes to 'Hospital', In other words, school (place to take education) is a proper place for a student arid in the same way hospital (place to get treatment) is a proper place for a patient.

1st pair- Student: School (person and proper place relationship).

2nd pair - Patient: Hospital (person and proper place relationship).

Clearly, both pairs show similar relationship in a logical way. Hence, both pairs are analogous or it is said that both pairs exhibit analogy.

(ii) Good : Bad : : Tall : Short

Explanation:

1st pair - Good: Bad (opposite relationship).

2nd pair - Tall: Short (opposite relationship).

Clearly, both pairs show similar relationship (opposite relationship). Hence, both pairs exhibit analogy.

Types of Problems

Problems Based on Synonymous Relationship

In such problems, the words given in one pair have same meaning and the same relationship that is found in another pair of words.

Example 1

Right: Correct:: Fat: Bulky

Explanation:

1st pair - Right: Correct (synonymous relationship).

2nd pair - Fat: Bulky (synonymous relationship).

Example 2

Brave : Bold :: Wrong : Incorrect

Explanation:

1st pair - Brave: Bold (synonymous relationship).

2nd pair - Wrong: Incorrect (synonymous relationship).

Select the pair which is related in the same way as the pair of words given in the question.

Tough : Hard $::\text{ }\_\_\_\_\_\_\text{ }:\text{ }\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_$

(a) Rich : Wealthy           (b) Rich : Poor

(c) Tall : Short                (d) True : False

(e) None of these

Explanation: Option (a) is correct because ‘Tough’ and 'Hard' are synonymous words. In the same manner 'Rich and ‘Wealthy' are synonymous words. Rest of the options is incorrect because words in option (b), (c) and (d) have opposite meanings and option (e) is useless because of the correctness of option (a).

'Start' is related to ‘Begin’ in the same way as ‘Joy’ is related to…………..

(a) Right                        (b) False

(c) True                                     (d) Delight

(e) None of these

Explanation: Option (d) is correct because ‘Start’ and ‘Begin’ have same meaning.

Similarly, ‘Joy’ and ‘Delight' have same meaning.

Rest of the options is incorrect because of the correctness of option (d).

Problems Based on Opposite Relationship

In such problems, the pair of words given in the question are opposite to each other in meaning.

Similarly, the pair of words in the answer must be opposite in meaning.

Example 1

Poor: Rich :: Weak : Strong

Explanation: ‘Poor' is opposite to ‘Rich' and in the same way ‘Weak' is opposite to ‘Strong'. Hence, both pairs exhibit analogy.

Example 2

Come : Go :: Near: Far

Explanation: ‘Come' and ‘Go' are opposite in meaning. Similarly, ‘Near' and ‘Far' are opposite words.

‘Wet' is related to ‘Dry' in the same way as ‘Tough' is related to .........

(a) Hard                                    (b) Short

(c) Easy                                     (d) Long

(e) None of these

Explanation: Option (c) is correct because 'Wet' and 'Dry' are antonyms. Similarly, Tough' and ‘Easy’ are antonyms.

Rest of the options is incorrect because of the correctness of option (c).

‘Hot' and ‘Cold' have certain relationship. Find which of the following pairs keep the same relationship.

(a) Big and Tall              (b) Long and Tall

(c) Huge and Large         (d) Thin and Fat

(e) None of these

Explanation; Option (d) is correct because 'Hot' and ‘Cold' are opposite in meaning and similarly, ‘Thin’ and ‘Fat' have opposite relationship.

Rest of the options is incorrect because of the correctness of option (d).

Problems Based on Cause and Effect Relationship

In such type of problems, the one word of a pair is an action and another word is the effect of that particular action.

Example 1

Shoot: Kill:: Race : Fatigue

Explanation: By ‘Shooting’ (action), you ‘Kill’ (effect), in the same way by ‘Racing’ (action), you get ‘Fatigued' (effect).

Example 2

Insult: Humiliate :: Fast: Hunger

Explanation: ‘Insult' is the cause of ‘Humiliation' (effect) and in the same way ‘Fast’ is the cause of ‘Hunger'. Hence, the given pairs of words exhibit analogy.

Pick the pair which is related in the same way as the words given in the question Comedy : Laughter:: ______ : ______

(a) Tragedy : Sadness      (b) Big : Small

(c) Come : Go                (d) Last: End

(e) None of these

Explanation: Option (a) is correct because ‘Comedy' is the cause of ‘Laughter’ (effect). Similarly, ‘Tragedy' is the cause of ‘Sadness' (effect).

Rest of the options is incorrect because of the correctness of option (a).

'Work' and 'Tiredness' have same relationship as ‘Poison’ and ____ have.

(a) Life                                      (b) Death

(c) Dream                      (d) Freshness

(e) None of these

Explanation: Option (b) is correct because ‘Work’ is the cause of 'Tiredness' (effect) and similarly, 'Poison' is the cause of 'Death' (effect).

Rest of the options is incorrect because of the correctness of option (b).

Problems Based on Gender Relationship

In such problems, a pair of words exhibits male and female relationship and same relationship is established by another pair of words.

Example 1

Man : Woman :: Boy : Girl

Explanation: A ‘Man' is a male human adult and a 'Woman' is a female human adult.

Similarly, a 'Boy' is a male human and a 'Girl' is a female human. Hence, both pairs of given words exhibit analogy.

Example 2

Stag : Doe :: Dog : Bitch

Explanation: A 'Stag' is a male deer while a 'Doe' is a female deer. Similarly, a 'Dog' is a male animal while a 'Bitch' is a female dog. Hence, both pairs of words exhibit analogy.

'Duck' is related to 'Drake' in the same way as 'Bee' is related to _____.

(a) Dog                          (b) Drone

(c) Cat                                       (d) Bird

(e) None of these

Explanation: Option (b) is correct because a 'Duck' is a female and a 'Drake' is a male duck. Similarly, a 'Bee' is a female insect while a 'Drone' is a male bee.

Rest of the options is incorrect because of the correctness of option (b).

If 'Actor' is related to ‘Actress' then, 'Grandfather' is related to which of the following options?

(a) Father                          (b) Mother

(c) Uncle                           (d) Grandmother

(e) None of these

Explanation: Option (d) is correct because an 'Actor' is a male who acts while 'Actress' is a female who acts. In the same way, 'Grandfather' is a male grand parent while 'Grandmother' is the female grand parent.

Rest of the options is incorrect because of the correctness of option (d).

Problems Based on Animals and Sound Relationship

In such problems, one word of a pair of words is an animal and another word is the sound of that animal. The same relationship is presented by the pair of words in the answer.

Example 1

Dog : Bark :: Cat : Mew

Explanation: 'Bark' is the sound of 'Dog' and in the same way ‘Mew’ is the sound of 'Cats'. Hence, both pairs of given  words exhibit analogy.

Example 2

Lion : Roar:: Elephant: Trumpet

Explanation: 'Roar' is the sound of ‘Lion' in the same way ‘Trumpet' is the sound of

'Elephant'. Hence, both pairs of given words exhibit analogy.

'Caw' is related to 'Crows' in the same way as ______ is related to 'Goats'. (Fill in the blank,)

(a) Bleat                                    (b) Roar

(c) Trumpet                     (d) Mew

(e) None of these

Explanation: Option (a) is correct because 'Caw' is the sound of 'Crows'. In the same way 'Bleat' is the sound of 'Goats'.

Rest of the options is incorrect because of the correctness of option (a).

Select the answer pair which is related in the same way as the words in the pair given below.

Horse : Neigh

(a) Asses : Trumpet         (b) Asses : Bray

(c) Asses: Bark                (d) Asses : Roar

(e) None of these

Explanation: Option (b) is correct because 'Neigh' is the sound of 'Horse' and similarly 'Bray' is the sound of 'Asses'.

Rest of the options is incorrect because of the correctness of option (b).

Problems Based on Animals and their off springs

In such problems, one word of a pair of words an animal and another word is the offspring (young one) of that animal. The same relationship is presented by the pair of words in the answer.

Example 1

Colt : Horse :: Calf : Cow

Explanation: A 'Coif is the young one of a 'Horse' and in the same way a 'Calf is the young one of a 'Cow'. Hence, both pairs of given words exhibit analogy.

Example 2

Lion : Cub :: Sheep : Lamb

Explanation: A 'Cub' is the young one of a 'Lion' and in the same way a ‘lamb' is the young one of a 'Sheep'. Hence, both pairs of given words exhibit analogy.

Which of the following options has the similar relationship as 'Cat' and 'Kitten' have?

(a) Dog and Puppy          (b) Dog and foul

(c) Dog and Calf             (d) Dog and Colt

(e) None of these

Explanation: Option (a) is correct because a 'Kitten' is the young one of a 'Cat' and similarly, a 'Puppy' is the young one of a 'Dog'.

Rest of the options is incorrect because of the correctness of option (a).

If 'Duck' is related to 'Duckling' then which of the following is related to 'Chicken'?

(a) Horse                      (b) Lion

(c) Cock                                     (d) Ass

(e) None of these

Explanation: Option (c) is correct because a 'Duckling' is the young one of a 'Duck' and in the same way a 'Chicken' is the young one of a 'Cock'.

Rest of the options is incorrect because of the correctness of option (c).

Problems Based on Individual and Group Relationship

In such problems, one word of a pair of words is an individual and the another word is the group of that particular individual. The same relationship is presented by the pair of words given in the answer.

Example 1

Army : Soldiers :: Band : Musicians

Explanation: An ‘Army’ is a group of ‘Soldiers' and in the same way a ‘Band’ is a group of 'Musicians', Hence/ both pairs of given words exhibit analogy.

Example 2

Bunch : Flowers : : Bundle : Sticks

Explanation: A 'Bunch' is a collection of ‘Flowers’ and in the same way a ‘Bundle’ Is a collection of ‘Sticks'. Hence, both pairs of given words exhibit analogy.

Choose the pair of words which is related in the same way as the words in the pair ‘Chain’: 'Mountain’.

(a) Flock : Sheeps           (b) Flock : Army

(c) Flock : Musicians        (d) Flock : Flowers

(e) None of these

Explanation: Option (a) is correct because a ‘Chain’ is a group of 'Mountain’ and in the same way a ‘Flock’ is a group of 'Sheeps',

Rest of the options is incorrect because of the correctness of option (a),

‘Crowd and ‘People’ have same relation as __________and 'Robbers' have.

(a) Swarm                      (b) Flock

(c) Heard                       (d) Gang

(e) None of these

Explanation: Option (d) is correct because 'Crowd' is a group of 'People' and in the same way a ‘Gang’ is a group of ‘Robbers'.

Rest of the options is incorrect because of the correctness of option (d).

Problems Based on Individual and Dwelling Place

Under such questions, a pair of words presents a relationship between individual and the dwelling place (living place) of that particular individual. The same relationship has to be discovered from answer choices of word pairs.

Example 1

Human : House :: Dog : Kennel

Explanation: 'House' is the home of 'Human' and in the same way ‘Kennel’ is the home of ‘Dog'. Hence, both pairs of given words exhibit analogy.

Example 2

Lion : Den :: Horse : Stable

Explanation: 'Den' is the home of 'Lion' and in the same way 'Stable' is the home of 'Horse'. Hence, both pairs of given words exhibit analogy.

'Cow' is related to 'Shed' in the same way as 'Bee' is related to _____. (Fill in the blank,)

(a) Apiary                      (b) Flock

(c) Nest                         (d) Cave

(e) None of these

Explanation: Option (a) is correct because 'Shed' is the home of 'Cow' and in the same way 'Apiary' is the home of 'Bee'.

Rest of the options is incorrect because of the correctness of option (a).

What comes in place of question mark (?)?

Nest : ? :: Shed : Buffalo

(a) Tiger                         (b) Bird

(c) Cat                                       (d) Dog

(e) None of these

Explanation: Option (b) is correct because 'Shed' is the home of 'Buffalo' and in the same way 'Nest' is the home of 'Bird'.

Rest of the options is incorrect because of the correctness of option (b).

Problems Based on Worker and Working Place Relationship

In such problems, one word is a worker and another word is the working place of that particular worker. The same relationship is presented by the pair of words in the answer.

Example 1

School : Teacher :: Hospital : Doctor

Explanation: A 'School' is the working place for a 'Teacher' and a 'Hospital' is the working place for a 'Doctor'. Hence, both pairs of given words exhibit analogy.

Example 2

Clerk : Office :: Chef : Kitchen

Explanation: A 'Clerk' works in the 'Office' and similarly, a 'Chef works in the 'Kitchen'. Hence, both pairs of given words exhibit analogy.

Find the suitable word to replace the question mark (?).

Lawyer: Court:: ? : Restaurant

(a) Waiter                      (b) Doctor

(c) Chef                         (d) Teacher

(e) None of these

Explanation: Option (a) is correct because 'Court’ is the working place for a lawyer' and similarly, a 'Waiter' works in a 'Restaurant'.

Rest of the options is incorrect because of the correctness of option (a).

If 'Engineer' is related to 'Site', then 'Warrior' is related to which of the following?

(a) Playground                (b) Stage

(c) College                     (d) Battlefield

(e) None of these

Explanation: Option (d) is correct because 'Site' is the working place for an 'Engineer' and in the same way the working place for a 'Warrior' is 'Battlefield'.

Rest of the options is incorrect because of the correctness of option (d).

Problems Based on Worker and Product Relationship

Such problems present one word as worker and another word as product produced by that particular worker. The same relationship is shown by the pair of words in the answer.

Example 1

Writer : Book :: Mason : Wall

Explanation: 'Book' is written (produced) by a 'Writer' and in the same way 'Wall' is built (produced) by a 'Mason'. Hence, both pairs of given words exhibit analogy.

Example 2

Song : Singer :: Poem : Poet

Explanation: A 'Song' is. sung (produced) by a 'Singer' and similarly/ a 'Poem' is written by a 'Poet'. Hence, the two pairs of words exhibit analogy.

If 'Farmer' is related to 'Crop' then which of the following options is related to food?

(a) Lawyer                     (b) Barber

(c) Cook            (d) Cobbler

(e) None of these

Explanation: Option (c) is correct because 'Crop' is produced by a 'Farmer' and in the same way 'Food' is cooked by a 'Cook'.

Rest of the options is incorrect because of the correctness of option (c).

What will come in place of question mark (?) ?

Author : Novel :: ? : Furniture

(a) Carpenter                  (b) Goldsmith

(c) Blacksmith                (d) Doctor

(e) None of these

Explanation: Option (a) is correct because a 'Novel' is written (produced) by an 'Author' and similarly, 'Furniture' is made (produced) by a 'Carpenter'.

Rest of the options is incorrect because of the correctness of option (a).

Problems Based on Worker and Tool Relationship

Such problems are based on workers and their working tools. Therefore, in the given pair of words, one word represents a worker and the another word is the working tool of that particular worker.

Example 1

Pen : Writer :: Scissors : Barber

Explanation: A 'Writer' writes1 with a 'Pen' (working tool for a writer) and in the same way a 'Barber' does hair cutting with 'Scissors' (working tool for a barber). Hence, the given pairs of words exhibit analogy.

Example 2

Surgeon : Forceps :: Tailor : Sewing Machine

Explanation: A 'Forceps' is a working tool for a 'Surgeon' and in the same way a 'Sewing Machine' is a working tool for a 'Tailor'. Hence, the given pairs of words exhibit analogy.

What comes in place of question mark (?) ?

Typist: Typewriter:: Hunter: ?

(a) Pen                          (b) Scissors

(c) Computer                  (d) Gun

(e) None of these

Explanation: Option (d) is correct because 'Typewriter' is a working tool for a 'Typist'. Similarly, 'Gun' is a working tool for a 'Hunter'.

Rest of the options is incorrect because of the correctness of option (d).

If 'Guitar' is related to 'Musician' then which of the following is related to ‘Cook’?

(a) Computer                  (b) Drum

(c) Painting brush            (d) Knife

(e) None of these

Explanation: Option (d) is correct because a 'Guitar' is a working tool of a 'Musician' and in the same way a 'Knife' is a working tool for a 'Cook' as he uses knife to cut vegetables.

Rest of the options is incorrect because of the correctness of option (d).

Problems Based on Association Relationship

The items in the given word pair are inter-related in such type of problems. In other words, the 1st term in the given word pair is associated with the 2nd term in some respect.

Example 1

Time : Clock :: Pen : Ink

Explanation: 'Time' and 'Clock' are associated with each other and similarly, 'Ink' is  associated with 'Pen'. Hence, the given pairs of words exhibit analogy.

Example 2

Piano : Music :: Farmer : Agriculture

Explanation: A 'Piano' is a musical instrument. Therefore, it is associated with 'Music'. Similarly, agriculture is the main work of a 'Farmer' and this is the reason, a farmer is associated with 'Agriculture'. Hence, the given pairs of words exhibit analogy.

If 'Chef is related to 'Food' then, a 'Player' is related to which of the following?

(a) Games                      (b) Education

(e) None of these

Explanation: Option (a) is correct because preparing 'Food' is the work of a 'Chef’. It means a chef is associated with food. Similarly, a 'Player' is the person who plays 'Games'. Therefore, a player is associated with games.

Rest of the options is incorrect because of the correctness of option (a).

What comes in place of question mark (?) ?

E-mail : Internet :: ? : Entertainment

(a) Cycle                        (b) Cinema

(c) Science                     (d) Politics

(e) None of these

Explanation: Option (b) is correct because it is clear that we can 'E-mail' through the 'Internet' only. It means E-mail is associated with internet. Similarly, 'Cinema' is a mode of 'Entertainment'. Therefore, it is associated with entertainment.

Rest of the options is incorrect because of the correctness of option (b).

Problems Based on Finished Product and Raw Material Relationship

In such problems, one of the words in the word pair is the end/finished product and another word is related to the raw material used to produce the end/finished product.

Example 1

Flour : Bread :: Grape : Wine

'Explanation: 'Bread' is made of 'Flour' and in the same way 'Wine' is made of 'Grape'. Hence, the given pairs of words exhibit analogy.

Example 2

Juice : Fruits :: Curd : Milk

Explanation: 'Juice' is prepared from 'Fruits' and in the same way 'Curd' is prepared from 'Milk'. Hence, the given pairs of words exhibit analogy.

What comes in place of question mark (?) ?

Egg : Omelette :: ? : Sauce

(a) Paper                       (b) Computer

(c) Pen                          (d) Tomato

(e) None of these

Explanation: Option (d) is correct because 'Omelette' is prepared from 'Egg’ and in the same way 'Sauce' is prepared from 'Tomato'.

Rest of the options is incorrect because of the correctness of option (d).

If 'Mustard' is related to 'Oil' then 'Latex' is related to which of the following?

(a) Rubber                      (b) Fabric

(c) Milk                          (d) Sweets

(e) None of these

Explanation: Option (a) is correct because 'Oil' is produced from 'Mustard' and in the same way 'Rubber' is produced from 'Latex'.

Rest of the options is incorrect because of the correctness of option (a)

Problems Based on Sequential Relationship

Such problems are based on sequence. The 1st word in the given pair of words stands for something and comes just before what the 2nd  word in the pair stands for.

Example 1

One : Two :: Six : Seven

Explanation: 'One' comes just before 'Two' and similarly, 'Six' comes just before 'Seven'. Hence, the given pairs of words exhibit analogy.

Example2

Monday : Tuesday :: Friday : Saturday

Explanation: 'Monday' comes just before 'Tuesday' and similarly, 'Friday' comes just before 'Saturday'. Hence, the given pairs of words exhibit analogy.

'January' is related to 'February' and in the same way ‘March’ is related to........

(a) May                         (b) December

(c) June                           (d) April

(e) None of these

Explanation: Option (d) is correct because 'January' comes just before 'February' and similarly, 'March' comes just before 'April'.

Rest of the options is incorrect because of the correctness of option (d).

What comes in place of the question mark (?) ?

Five : Six :: Eleven : ?

(a) Three                        (b) Twelve

(c) Ten                          (d) Nine

(e) None of these

Explanation: Option (b) is correct because 'Six' comes just after 'Five' and in the same way 'Twelve' comes just after 'Eleven'.

Rest of the options is incorrect because of the correctness of option (b).

Problems Based on Utility Relationship

The word pair in such problems consists of words which have the relationship between an article and the purpose for which it is used.

Example 1

Chair: Sitting :: Bed : Sleeping

Explanation: A 'Chair' is used for 'Sitting' and in the same way a 'Bed' is used for 'Sleeping'. Hence, the given pairs of words exhibit analogy.

Example 2

Pen : Writing :: Gun : Killing

Explanation: A 'Pen' is used for 'Writing' and in the same way a 'Gun' is used for 'Killing'.

Hence, the given pairs of words exhibit analogy.

'Cellphone' is to 'Talking' as 'book' is to........

(c) Cooking                    (d) Playing

(e) None of these

Option (b) is correct because a 'Cellphone' is used to Talk' and in the same way a 'Book' is used for 'Reading'.

Rest of the options is incorrect because of the correctness of option (b).

Select the pair of words which are related in the same way as the words given in the question.

Oil : Cooking $::..,.....\text{ }:\ldots \ldots \ldots \ldots .$

(a) Cloth : Wearing          (b) Book : Writing

(c) Pen : Painting            (d) Pencil : Reading

(e) None of these

Explanation: Option (a) is correct because 'GIF is used for 'Cooking' and similarly, 'Cloth' is used for 'Wearing'.

Rest of the options is incorrect because of the correctness of option (a).

Problems Based on Whole and Part Relationship

In such problems/ the word pairs have one word as a thing and the another word as a part of that particular thing.

Example 1

Body : Finger :: Computer : Mouse

Explanation: A 'Finger' is a part of 'Body' and similarly, a 'Mouse' is a part of a 'Computer'. Hence, the given pairs of words exhibit analogy,

Example 2

Room : Flat :: Glass : Spectacles

Explanation: A 'Room' is a part of a 'Flat' and in the same way 'Glass' is a part of 'Spectacles'. Hence, the given pairs of words exhibit analogy.

What comes in place of the question mark (?) ?

Nail: Finger:: Knee : ?

(a) Hand                        (b) Eyes

(c) Leg                                       (d) Mouth

(e) None of these

Explanation: Option (c) is correct because 'Nail' is a part of 'Finger' and in the same way 'knee' is the part of 'Leg'.

Rest of the options is incorrect because of the correctness of option (c).

A Page is a part of 'Book' and in the same way a 'Plot' is the part of a..................

(a) Land                        (b) palace

(c) Town                        (d) Country

(e) None of these

Explanation: Option (a) is correct because a 'Page' is a part of a 'Book' and similarly a ‘Plot' is the smaller segment of a 'Land'.

Rest of the options is incorrect because of the correctness of option (a).

Problems Based on Part and Part Relationship

Such problems Present both words in a pair as parts of something.

Example l

Mouse : Keyboard :: Door : Window

Explanation: 'Mouse' and 'Keyboard' are parts of a computer and in the same way 'Door' and 'Window' are parts of a house. Hence, the given pairs of words exhibit analogy

Example 2

Stem : Leaves :: Eyes : Ears

Explanation: 'Stem' and 'Leaves' are parts of a tree and similarly 'Eyes' and 'Ears' are parts of animal body. Hence, the given pairs of words exhibit analogy.

What comes in place of the question mark (?) ?

Pillow : Bedsheet :: ? : Engine

(a) Bogie                        (b) Body

(c) Tree                          (d) Milk

(e) None of these

Explanation: Option (a) is correct because 'Pillow' and 'Bed sheet' are the parts of a bed and in the same way 'Bogie' and 'Engine' are the parts of a train.

Rest of the options is incorrect because of the correctness of option (a).

'Petal' is related to 'Pollen' and in the same way January is related to......

(a) December                  (b) Leaves

(c) Week                                    (d) Day

(e) None of these

Explanation: Option (a) is correct because ‘Petal’ and 'Pollen’ are the parts of a flower and similarly 'January' and 'December' are the parts of a year.

Rest of the options is incorrect because of the correctness of option (a).

Problems Based on Place/Sites and Location Relationship

In such problems, the given pairs of words have one word as place, site and another word as the location of that particular place/site.

Example 1

Red Fort : Delhi :; Tajmahal : Agra

Explanation: 'Red Fort' is located in ‘Delhi’ and in the same way 'Tajmahal is located in 'Agra'.

Example 2

Rajasthan : Jaipur :: Bihar : Patna

Explanation: 'Jaipur' is located in the Indian state of 'Rajasthan' and in the same way the city of 'Patna' is located in the Indian state of 'Bihar’

If 'Delhi' is related to 'India', then 'London' is related to which of the following?

(a) America                    (b) France

(c) England                   (d) Germany

(e) None of these

Explanation: Option (c) is correct because 'Delhi' is a city located in 'India' and similarly, 'London' is a city located in 'England'.

Rest of the options is incorrect because of the correctness of option (c).

A pair of words is given as 'Jama Masjid': 'Delhi'. Find the another pair exhibiting the same analogy.

(a) Golghar: Jaipur          (b) Golghar: Patna

(c) Golghar: Ranchi         (d) Golghar: India

(e) None of these

Explanation: Option (b) is correct because the pattern of the problem is based on monument and its citywide location. 'Jama Masjid' is located in the city of 'Delhi' and in the same way 'Golghar' is located in the city of 'Patna'.

Rest of the options is incorrect because of the correctness of option (b).

Miscellaneous Problems

The types of problems discussed so far are the most common and basic forms of analogy. But, point to be noted that patterns of analogy can be endless and therefore, it is not possible to discuss all. This is the reason that students may see some miscellaneous patterns of analogy. But, this is a fact that if students understand the given patterns properly, they will find it very easy to catch various miscellaneous patterns as well.

Example 1

AC : EG : : LN : PR

Explanation:

Example 2

Red Light : Stop :: Green Light : Go ahead

Explanation: ‘Red Light’ is a sign of ‘Stop’ and in the same way ‘Green Light’ is a sign of ‘Go ahead’.

What comes in place of the question mark (?)?

Dog : Animal :: Parrot : ?

(a) Insect                       (b) Sparrow

(c) Human                     (d) Bird

(e) None of these

Explanation: Option (d) is correct because 'Dog' is an 'Animal' and in the same way 'Parrot' is a 'Bird'.

Rest of the options is incorrect because of the correctness of option (d).

‘Lion’ is related to 'Meat' and in the same way 'Cow' is related to...—————————

(a) Chicken                    (b) Mutton

(c) Beef                         (d) Grass

(e) None of these

Explanation: Option (d) is correct because 'Lion' is a 'Meat' eating animal and similarly, 'Cow' is a 'Grass' eating animal.

Rest of the options is incorrect because of the correctness of option (d).

What will come in place of the question mark (?) ?

Lahore : Pakistan :: ? : America

(c) England                    (d) New York

(e) None of these

Explanation: Option (d) is correct because 'Lahore' is a city In 'Pakistan' and in the same way 'New York’ is a city in 'America’.

Rest of the options is incorrect because (a)/ (B\$ and (c) are the names of countries and option (e) is useless because of the correctness of option (d).

Fill in the blank space.

Happiness : Sorrow :: Poor :.......

(a) Fat                                       (b) Thin

(c) Rich                          (d) Large

(e) None of these

Explanation: Option (c) is correct because the 1st pair shows opposite relationship and therefore, following the same pattern the word opposite to 'Poor' will come in place of blank space and the word opposite to 'Poor' is 'Rich'.

Rest of the options is incorrect because of the correctness of option (c).

If 'A' is related to 'B' then, 'V is related to which of the following?

(a) G                                (b) F

(c) D                                (d) L

(e) None of these

Explanation: Option (b) is correct because the given problem is based on sequential relationship. 'A' comes just before 'B' in the English alphabet and in the same way ‘E’ comes just before 'F' in the English alphabet. Hence, (b) will be the correct answer choice.

Rest of the options is incorrect because of the correctness of option (b).

'Start' is to 'Begin' as 'Big' is to................

(a) Large                        (b) Small

(c) Short                                    (d) Medium

(e) None of these

Explanation: Option (a) is correct because the problem is based on synonymous relationship. 'Start' and 'Begin' are synonymous and similarly, 'Big' and 'Large' are synonymous.

Rest of the options is incorrect because of the correctness of option (a).

Fill in the blank.

Bear : Cub ::............ : Kitten

(a) Dog                          (b) Cow

(c) Tiger                                     (d) Cat

(e) None of these

Explanation: Option (d) is correct because a 'Cub' is the young one of a 'Bear' and similarly, a 'Kitten' is the young one of a 'Cat'.

Rest of the options is incorrect because of the correctness of option (d).

Summary

• Analogy means similarity.
• To solve analogy based problems, students must have strong word power.
• A student must have good general awareness to solve analogy based problems.
• Types of analogy are unlimited.
• Analogy may be based on miscellaneous patterns.

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