Category : 6th Class
A preposition is a word placed before a noun or a pronoun to show the relation of a person of a thing with something else. For example: in, of, off, etc.
There is a cow in the field.
?In? shows the relation between the cow and the field.
1. Simple Prepositions:
Which shows simply the relation of a person or thing with something else. For example: at, by, from
2. Compound Preposition:
It is generally formed by prefixing a preposition to a noun, an adjective or an adverb. For example: about, behind, underneath
3. Phrase Prepositions:
They are the groups of words used as a single preposition. For example: in accordance with, in place of
4. Participle Prepositions:
The words which are similar to present participles of verbs are sometimes used as prepositions, they are called participle prepositions. For example: barring, concerning, etc.
Concering (= about) yesterday?s fire, there are many rumours in the bazar.
Went around the world.
Ran across the road.
After his death.
In the afternoon.
Cut it with a knife.
He was stunned by a blow.
4. Cause, Reason
Died from fatigue.
Took medicine for cold.
There was no money on him.
A man of means.
6. Measure, Standard, Rate, Value
I am taller than you by two inches.
Fought with courage.
Won with ease.
8. Contrast, Concession
After every effort.
9. Inference, Motive
Light emanates from the sun.
Special Uses of Prepositions
1. Use ?in or at? with names of cities, town or village.
For example: We stayed in Mumbai./We stayed at Mumbai.
2. Use ?at or to? talk about group activities and shops.
For example: I saw him at the baker?s.
3. Use ?in? with the names of streets and ?at? with house number
For example: He lives in Tanga street at house no. 17.
4. Use ?on? when think of a place as a surface.
For example: The dog is lying on the floor.
5. ?Till? is used for time and ?to? is used for place.
For example: He slept till eight o? clock.
6. With ?often? denotes the instrument and ?by? the agent.
For example: Ramu killed two birds with one shot by his gun.
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