6th Class English Suktistbakaha Analogy

Analogy

Category : 6th Class

 

Analogy

 

Analogy means similarity or a relationship between two or more objects. In questions based on analogy, a particular relationship is given and another similar relationship has to be identified from the alternatives provided. This similarity/relationship may be on the basis of properties, kinds, traits, shapes etc.

 

Given below are some types of relations to help you understand analogy.

 

 

·                     Instrument and Measurement

 

S. No.

Instrument

Measurement

1.     

Scale

Length

2.     

Seismograph

Earthquakes

3.     

Thermometer

Temperature

4.     

Balance

Mass

5.     

Anemometer

Wind Vane

6.     

Watch

Time

 

 

·                     Quantity and Unit

 

S. No.

Quantity

Unit

1.     

Length

Metre

2.     

Force

Newton

3.     

Work

Joule

4.     

Mass

Kilogram

5.     

Time

Seconds

6.     

Area

Hectare

7.     

Volume

Litre

 

 

·                     Product and Raw Material

 

S. No.

Product

Raw Material

1.     

Book

Paper

2.     

Oil

Seed

3.     

Jewellery

Gold

4.     

Fabric

Yarn

5.     

Wine

Grapes

6.     

Rubber

Latex

 

 

·                     Male and Female

 

S. No.

Male

Female

1.     

Son

Daughter

2.     

Dog

Bitch

3.     

Tiger

Tigress

4.     

Lion

Lioness

5.     

Horse

Mare

6.     

Drone

Bee

 

 

·                     Diseases and Causes

 

S. No.

Disease

Cause

1.     

Typhoid

Bacteria

2.     

Small pox

Virus

 

·                     Worker and Tool relationship

 

S. No.

Worker

Related Tool

1.     

Chef

Knife

2.     

Doctor

Stethoscope

3.     

Mason

Plumbline

4.     

Farmer

Plough

5.     

Cobbler

Awl

6.     

Barber

Scissor

 

·                     Tool and Action Relationship

 

S. No.

Tool

                      Action

1.     

Gun

Shoot

2.     

Spanner

Grip

3.     

Auger

Bore

4.     

Chisel

Carve

5.     

Axe

Cut

6.     

Oar

Row

 

·                     Worker and Working Place

S. No.

Working Person

Related Work Field

1.     

Grocer

Shop

2.     

Player

Field

3.     

Warrior

Battlefield

4.     

Sailor

Ship

5.     

Pilot

Cockpit

6.     

Lawyer

Court

 

·                     Worker and Product

 

S. No.

Worker

Given Product

1.     

Farmer

Crop

2.     

Butcher

Meat

3.     

Editor

Newspaper

4.     

Dramatist

Play

5.     

Producer

Film

6.     

Judge

Justice

 

·                     Cries of Birds and Animals

S. No.

Birds and Animals

Cries

1.     

Donkey

Bray

2.     

Bulls

Bellow

3.     

Cows

Low

4.     

Frogs

Croak

5.     

Horses

Neigh

6.     

Snakes

Hiss

 

Some examples are discussed below:

 

Direction (1 - 5): In each of the following questions there are two words to the left of the sign (::) which are connected in some way. The same relationship obtains between the third word and one of the four alternatives given as options. Find the correct alternative in each case.

 

1.            Coconut : Shell :: Letter : ?

(a) Envelope                   (b) Mail

(c) Stamp                      (d) Book

(e) None of these

Ans.     (a) A coconut remains inside a shell, in the same way a letter is kept inside an envelope.

 

2.            Food : Menu :: Library : ?

(a) Books                       (b) Librarian

(c) Catalogue                  (d) shelf

(e) None of these

Ans.     (c)

A menu is prepared for food, in the same way a catalogue is prepared for the library.

 

3.            River : Dam :: Traffic : ?

(a) Signal                       (b) Vehicle

(c) Motion                      (d) Lane

(e) None of these

Ans.     (a)

As a dam controls the river, in the same way signal controls the traffic.

 

4.            Dogs : Bark :: Goats : ?

(a) Bleat                        (b) Crow

(c) Grunt                        (d) Howl

(e) None of these

Ans.     (a)

As the cry of a ?Dog? is called ?Bark?, similarly the cry of a ?Goat? is called ?Bleat?.

 

5.            Patient : Doctor :: Student : ?

(a) School                      (b) Teacher

(c) Book                        (d) Classmates

(e) None of these

Ans.     (b)

As the patient is treated by a doctor in the same way a student is taught by the teacher.

 

Other Topics

Notes - Analogy
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