Category : 5th Class
SAFETY AND FIRST AID
Safety measures are important to avoid accidents and minimize their after effects.
Safety on the road is more important now a days because of the rapid increase in number of vehicles, road sign and signals are meant for safety. Traffic signals control the flow of traffic, and ensure smooth movement of vehicles
A cracks or break in a bone is called a fractures - keep the patient calm and comfortable, apply a splint to give support to the broken bone and try to avoid unnecessary movement then send to the orthopedic doctor. A made from a triangular price of cloth may be used for support
Burn injury can be caused by hot objects, fire steam, boiling water, cracker electric current and chemicals like acids.
These are very painful. Let running cold water/ late water flow out on the bum till pain reduces. Apply any antibiotic lotions and ointments to prevent infections.
Cover the bum area clean (sterile piece) with gauze to prevent it form germ and dust reach to proper open medical setup. If fire has been caused by electric fault if should be turned off immediately.
Don't throw water on It. it may causes electric shock, use a fire extinguisher or sand
Animal bites are common. Wash the wound with soap and mnning water for more than 15 minutes, so that the germs will be washed away without being attached to the injured tissue. Dog, monkey, cat, cow, buffalo etc. can cause rabies so anti rabies serum and vaccine must be given as early as possible and would should not be stitched/bandaged.
The victim should be assured as few and snakes are poisonous. Poisonous snake injects poison through its sharp teeth called fangs. Apply a tomianet (vet) just above the site of bite to stop flow of blood this may slow down the spread of poison. Treatment must be given immediately as the poison can kill.
Properly wash vegetables and fruits before eating them they may contain pesticides and insecticide. In case of poisoning try to make vomit out the poison except during poisoning with acids and alkalis.
Rush the victim to medical centre equipped to deal the condition. Keep all the medicine locked away from the reach of children. Read the medicine labels carefully to identify the drugs and avoid expired drugs
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