Multiples and Factors
Category : 4th Class
This lessen will help you to:—
A number’s composite factors are found by multiplying 2 or more prime factors.
For example: The composite factors of \[18\left( 2\times 3\times 3 \right)\]are\[6\left( 2\times 3 \right)\]and\[9\left( 3\times 3 \right)\]
Real Life Example
Money can use the concept of factors. One can exchange a 100 – Rupee by two 50 – Rupee notes (factors 2 and 50) or five 20 – Rupee note (factors 5 and 20).
QUICK CONCEPT REVIEW
Factors are numbers that multiplies to get another number.
For example: 4 and 7 are multiplied to get 28, then 4 and 7 are factors of 28.
Multiples are product obtained by multiplying one number by another.
For example: 8 and 11 are multiplied to get 88, then 88 is a multiple of 8 and 11.
The factors (or multiples) that are common between 2 or more numbers are called common factors (or multiples) of given numbers.
PROPERTIES OF FACTORS AND MULTIPLIES
(1) Make two teams.
Ask the first team to pick up a number between 1 and 50. Then ask them to call out a factor of that number. Ask the second team to call out a factor or multiple of the called out number. Continue this process till all the factors and multiples are said. One who cannot give the factor or multiple will be out.
Misconcept: Student might confuse between the concept of factors and multiples.
Concept: Explain factors come from dividing and multiples come from multiplying.
Misconcept: 1 is a prime number.
Concept: 1 is not a prime number even 1 is neither composite nor prime.
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