Operation on Numbers Addition and Subtraction

**Category : **4th Class

** Operation on Numbers Addition and Subtraction**

**Introduction**

In our daily life, we come across many activities when we need to apply the method of addition and subtraction. We are aware of numbers and number system. Now we will discuss two simple algebraic operations, that is, addition and subtraction.

**Addition**

Addition is one of the very common arithmetic operation used in mathematics. Addition is the operation to know the total quantity, when two or more than two quantities are taken together.

** **

**Example**

Add 545641323 and 565655656.

**Solution:**

Arrange the numbers according to place value chart and add the digits of same column.

\[+\begin{matrix}

545641323 \\

565655656 \\

1111296979 \\

\end{matrix}\]

** **

**Terms related to addition**

**(i) Addends:** The numbers which are added to each other are called addends.

**(ii) Sum:** The result of the addition is called sum.

Look at the example given below.

** **

**Example**

Add 56 lakhs and 40 lakhs.

**Solution:**

\[56\text{ }lakhs+40\text{ }lakhs=96\text{ }lakhs\]

**Subtraction**

Subtraction is the method by which we know the remaining, after taken away some quantity from a certain quantity.

**Example**

Subtract 2655854 from 6544553.

**Solution: **

Arrange the digits according to the place value chart and subtract ones from ones, tens from tens and so on as follows:

\[-\begin{matrix}

6544553 \\

2655854 \\

3888699 \\

\end{matrix}\]

** **

**Terms related to subtraction**

**(i) Minuend:** The number from which other number is subtracted.

**(ii) Subtrahend:** The number which is subtracted from other number.

**(iii) Difference:** When a number is subtracted from a greater number, the result is called difference.

Look at the example given below.

** **

**Example**

Subtract 10 lakhs from 2 crores.

**Solution:**

2 crores - 10 laks = 1 crores + 90 laks

100 laks - 10 laks = 1 crores + 90 laks

So, \[2\text{ }crores-10\text{ }lakhs=1\text{ }crores+90\text{ }lakhs\].

**Example**

Choose the number from the following that should be subtracted from the sum of 784568 and 784562 such that the difference becomes 784564.

(a) 784566 (b) 784570

(c) 784574 (d) 784578

(e) None of these

Answer (a)

**Explanation:**

785468 + 784562 = 1569130

1569130 - 784564 = 784566

*play_arrow*Introduction*play_arrow*Addition*play_arrow*Subtraction*play_arrow*Operation on Numbers: Addition and Subtraction*play_arrow*Addition and Subtraction*play_arrow*Operation on Numbers Addition and Subtraction

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