4th Class General Knowledge India and the World Notes - India and The World

Notes - India and The World

Category : 4th Class

India and the World

 

We live in a diverse world. There are about 195 countries out of which India is the seventh-largest country in the world.

Let us know more about India and the world around us.

 

Interesting Fact

  •            La Tomatina is festival that is held in spain in which participants throw tomatoes and get involved in the tomato fight purely for fun.

 

 

1.            Snow and Ice festival. China - The Harbin festival is the largest snow and ice festival in the world, and it features ice carvings over 20 feet in height and full-size buildings made from gigantic blocks of ice.

 

2.            Holi India - Holi also known as the festival of colours is celebrated at the end of winter and the beginning of spring.

 

3.            Songkren Water Festival. Thailand - Songkran is Thailand's most famous festival. This water festival marks the beginning of the traditional Thai New Year.

 

4.            Diwali, India - Diwali or the festival of lights is usually celebrated in October or November. It is a five-day Hindu festival that celebrates the victory of good over evil.

 

5.            Lantern festival. Taiwan - Lantern Festival is a Chinese festival celebrated on the fifteenth day of the first month in the Chinese calendar. It marks the final day of the traditional Chinese New Year celebrations.

 

6.            Rio Carnival. Brazil - Carnival is an annual festival in Brazil. It is held four days before Ash Wednesday, the day of fasting and repentance that marks the beginning of Lent.

 

7.            Tomorrow land, Belgium ? Tomorrow land is c electronic dance music festival held in Boom, Belgium Tomorrow and was first held in 2005 and since then has become one of the world's largest and moi notable music festivals.

 

8.            Carnival of Venice, Italy - The Carnival of Venice an annual festival held in Venice, Italy. The festival world-famous for its elaborated masks.

 

9.            Coachella. California - The Coachella Valley Music an Arts Festival is an annual music and arts festival heat the Empire Polo Club in Indio, California.

 

10.          White Nights festival, Russia - It consists of series of classical ballet, opera and music events and includes performances by Russian dancers, singe. Musicians and actors, as well as famous international guest stars.

 

Do you know

  •             In China Christmas is called the festival of sheng Dan Jieh , which means Holy Birth Festival

 

FAMOUS DANCES AND MUSIC

 

1.            Bollywood Dance, India - Bollywood dance is a form that is heavily used in Indian Bollywood film. Numerous styles are used in executing this dance for a Indian classical dance styles like kathak, Indian folk belly-dancing, jazz, western popular and more.

 

2.         Ballet, Russia - It is an artistic dance form that is performed on music. The steps of Russian balltel demand high levels of precision and formality.

 

3.          Break Dance, United States - Breakdancing, also known as B-boying or breaking, is a street dance style that is highly popular among the youth in the United States and many other parts of the world.

4.            Bhangra India - The bhangra is a dance form that originated in the Punjab region of India and is associated with fun and flamboyance.

 

5.            Tango, Argentina, Argentina - Tango is a partner dance that is associated with style and expressiveness.

 

6.            Kabuki, Japan Japan - Kabuki is a Japanese dance-drama that is extremely popular among the Japanese population the history of Kabuki began in 1630, when it was performed on the dry riverbeds of Kyoto.

 

7.            Salsa, Cuba ? Salsa originated in New York city as a social dance form. The movements of salsa can trace their origins to cha-cha, Mambo and Cuban Son as well as other dance form.

 

Do you know

  •             Chocolate was once used as currency
  •            One of the most popular pizza toppings in Brazil is green peas.

 

 LIST OF FAMOUS FOOD

 

1.

Sushi

Japan

 

2.

Chocolate

Mexico

 

3.

Peking duck

China

 

4.

Hamburger

Germany

 

5.

Rendang

Indonesia

 

6.

Donuts , Poke, Buttered popcorn

United States

 

7.

Bunny chow

South Africa

 

8.

 

Lasagna

Italy

 

9.

Ankimo

Japan

 

10.

Maple syrup

Canada

 

11.

Chili Crab

Singapore

 

12.

French toast

Hong Kong

13.

Seaford Paella

Spain

 

14.

Potato Chips

United Kingdom

 

15.

Masala Dosa

India

 

 Do you know

  •            The word 'jeans' comes from the French word 'Gene'?
  •            Cotton is the most widely used clothing material

 

Interesting Fact

  •             Evidence for the first clothes dates somewhere between 100,000 to 500, 00 years ago.

 

SOME TRADITIONAL DRESSES

 

1.

Saree , India

 

2.

Kilts , Scotland

 

3.

Tracht , Germany

 

4.

Balinese temple dress , Indonesia

 

5.

Maasai beadwork , Kenya

 

6.

Herero women , Namibia

 

7.

Gho , Bhutan

 

8.

Kimono , Japan

9.

Coifee , France

 

10.

Flamenco dress , spain

 

Did you know

  •             It became more socially acceptable for women to wear short during world war-2

 

Did you know

  •            Qutub Minar is the tallest brick minaret in the world.

 

LIST OF FAMOUS MONUMENTS

 

Name of the monument

Country

 

Statue of Liberty

New York , USA

The Eiffel Tower

Paris , France

 

St. Basil?s cathedral

Moscow

 

Blue Domed Church

Santarini Greece

 

The Great Sphinx

Giza , Egypt

 

Machu Pichu

Peru

 

Big Ben

London

 

Burjal Arab Hotel

Dubai

 

Tower of pisa

Italy

 

Loch Ness

Scotland

 

Mont St. Michel

France

 

Bran Castle

Transyv

 

Interesting Fact

  •             Contrary to Taj Mahal which was built by shah Jahan for his wife Humayun?s  Tomb was built by a wife, Hamida Banu Begam for her husband

 

Did you know

  •            The Parthenon in the Acropolis of Athens was built in the hono of Athena , the Greek Goddess of Athens

 

 

 

 

Acropolis

Athens , Greece

 

Sagrada Familia

Barcelona , Spain

 

Uluru Sandstone

Australia

 

Mount Fuji

Japan

 

Mount Eden Crater

New Zealand

 

Al Aqsa Mosque

Jerusalem

 

Angkor Wat

Cambodia

 

St. Peter?s Cathedral

Vatican City

 

Interesting Fact

  •             Mount Fuji locate on Honshu Island is the highest mountain in Japan at 3,776.24m

 

FAMOUS DERSONALITIES

Great personalities have. Brought differences to the world. Whether it is politics arts, science or sports whether it is religious or philosophical, whether it is big or small, the impact made by people made them famous personalities. Let us know more about them.

 

1. Abraham Lincoln ?Abraham Lincoln was the 16th president of the united states. He preserved the Union during the U.S. Civil war and bround about the emancipation of salves.

 

2. Mother Teresa ? Mother Teresa was the founder of the order of the missionaries of charity, a Roman catholic congregation of women dedicated to help the poor . Considered one of the 20th Century's greatest humanitarians, she was canonized as Saint Teresa of Calcutta in 2016.

 

3. Nelson Mandela ? Nelson Mandela become the first black president of south Africa in 1994, serving until 1999. A symbol of global peacemaking, he won the Nobel peace prize

 

4. Albert Einstein ? Albert Einstein was a German born physicist who developed the general theory of relativity. He is considered as one of the most influential physicists of the 20th century.

 

 

5. Narendra Modi ? Narendra Modi is a leading Indian politician and the current prime minister of India. He is known for leading his party, Bharatiya Janta party (BJP) to a historic win in 2014 elections.

 

 

6. Saina Nehwal ? An India dadminton player currently ranked number 1 in the world by the Badminton world world Federation and is the first Indian woman to achieve this feat

 

7. Mary Kom is a boxer ? she is the only Indian woman boxer who managed to qualify for the 2012 summer olympics. A five ? time world amateur boxing champion she is surprisingly serene and philosophical about all her achievements

 

8. Sachin Tendulkar ? hold the world record of scoring highest number of runs and centuries in both the Test Cricket and the one Day Internationals. He was awarded the Rajiv Ghandhi Khel Ratna , India?s highest sporting award , in 1997-98 for his achievements in cricket

 

9. Five time winner of the world chess championship Indian chess Grandmaster Viswanathan Ananad dominated the world of chess for six year from 2007 to 2013. He is the proud recipient of several prestigious awards. He won the first Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award ? India?s highest sporting honour in 1991-92

 

COUNTRIES AND THEIR CAPITAL

 

1.    Afghanistan

Kabul

2.    Australia

Canberra

3.    Bangladesh

Dhaka

4.    Bhutan

 Thimphu

5.    Brazil

Brasilia

6.    Canada

Ottawa

7.    China

Beijing

8.    Denmark

Copenhagen

9.    Egypt

Cairo

10.  France

Paris

11.  India

New Delhi

12.  Iraq

Baghdad

13.  Italy

Rome

14.  Japan

Tokyo

15.  Mexico

Mexico city

16.  Nepal

Kathmandu

17.  Pakistan

Islamabad

18.  Russia

Moscow

19.  Singapore

Singapore

20.  Spain

Madrid

21.  Sri Lanka

Sri Jatawardenepura kotte

22.  Thailand

Bankok

23.  United Arb Emirated

(UAE)-Abu Dhabi

24.  United Kingdom (UK)

London

25.  United States of America (USA)

Washington DC

 

Interesting Facts

  •             Delhi has one of the largest public transportation system in India
  •            Paris , the capital and most populous city of France is also known as the 'city of Love'

 

NATIONAL SYMBOLS OF INDIA

 

1

National Flag

The national flag consists of tricolor saffron at the top white in the middle and green at the bottom and Ashoka chakra in the center

2

National Emblem

The national emblem is the lion capital of Ashoka at Sarnath

3

National Anthem

Jana Gana Mana

The anthem was composed by Rabindranath Tagore.

4

National Song

Vande Mataram

The song was composed by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee. It was adopted as national song in 1950.

5

National Flower

Lotus is the national flower. It is the representation of purify.

6

National Fruit

Mango also known as the ? king of Fruits? is the National fruit of India.

7

National River

Ganga is the national and the longest river of the country.

8

National Tree

The Indian Banyan is the national tree

9

National Bird

Indian peacock is the national bird of India

10

National Animal

 

The tiger known as the ?Lord of the Jungle? is the national animals

         

Do you know

  •             Saka Calender or Indian national calendar is the official calender in India It follow the signs of tropical zodiac

 

NEIGHBOURING COUNRIES OF INDIA

India is located latitudinally in the Northern Hemisphere and longitudinally in the Eastern Hemisphere. It share its border with nine countries out of which Sri Lanka and Maldives are two countries with water bodies.

1.            Pakistan - Pakistan was divided into two territories West Pakistan lying on the northwest of India and east Pakistan. Jammu and Kashmir, Gujarat. Rajasthan and Punjab share their borders with Pakistan.

2.            China - China lies to the north of India and share its borders with the Indian states like Jamm and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand.

3.            Nepal - In northeast of India, lies Nepal, which is country located in the Himalayas.

4.            Bangladesh - India and Bangladesh share one of longest borders in the world. The Indian states Assam, Mizoram, Tripura, Meghalaya and West Bengal touch the border of Bangladesh.

5.            Bhutan - The Kingdom of Bhutan shares a borders with the Indian states of Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim Assam and West Bengal.

6.            Burma - Situated in East Asia with a coastline along the Bay of Bengal. The Indian states of Nagaland

Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh and Manipur share the borders with Burma.

7.            Afghanistan - It is another neigh bouring country o India located in the Central Asia.

8.            Sri Lanka - Sri Lanka lies near the southern area India and is separated by Palk Strait.

9.            Maldives - It is located in the south-west of India.

 

Interesting Fact

  •             India has the third largest international border in the world after china and Russia

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Notes - India and The World
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