2nd Class Science Human Body and their Needs Human Body

Human Body

Category : 2nd Class

Human Body

 

Synopsis    

  • Our body has many parts like bones, joints, muscles and organs.
  • Our body has a framework of bones called skeleton. Skeleton gives shape and support to the body.  

Related image

Related image                        

Elbow Joint     Wrist joint         Knee joint

 

 

 

   Related image                       

Ankle Joint                  Muscle & Joint

 

 

 

Eyes/ears, nose, tongue and skin help us to know the world around us.

 

                    

Our tongue helps us to       Our eyes help us to        

Taste food.                          See things.

 

             

Our ears help us to     Our skin helps us to feel. hear sounds.

 

      

     Our nose helps us to smell.

 

 

 

  • To keep fit we must keep our body clean.

 

                                 

We must have breakfast every day.                    We must brush our teeth every morning 

 

 

 

                             

                    We must tidy up our bedroom.                      We must take bath everyday.        

 

            

   

                        

                                      We must wash our hands before and after every meal.

 

 

 

  • Exercise helps us to build strong bones and muscles.

 

 

  • Posture is the position in which we keep our body when we sit, stand or walk. We should keep our back straight.

 

 

 

 

  • Body-building foods (proteins) like milk, pulses, eggs, fish and meat make our bones and teeth strong. They help us to grow by building our muscles and body.

 

Food for Health:

  •  We need good food to grow and stay healthy.

 

Milk     water    Vegetables     Chapathies

 

Rice              Butter             Bread

 

        

Fish                               Fruits

 

   

  Pulses      

                            s

 

        

 

 

    

 

 

  • Energy giving foods (carbohydrates) like potatoes, rice, bread, and chapathies supply the body with energy.

          Fatty foods like ghee, oil and butter also provide the body with more energy.

 

 

 

Bread                            Rice

 

 

           

                            

 

      Potato                    Sugar and Sweets

 

 

       

 

          Butter                       Cooking oil

 

 

 

  • Some foods keep away diseases. They help us to remain HEALTHY.

          Fruits and vegetables protect us from falling ill. These are called protective foods.

 

           

                   

Fruits                             Vegetables

 

Other Topics

Notes - Human Body


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