10th Class English Antonyms / Synonyms Antonyms and Synonyms

Antonyms and Synonyms

Category : 10th Class

 

Antonyms and Synonyms

 

Antonyms: Those words which are opposite in meaning to the given words are known as Antonyms.

 

S. No.

Word

Antonym

1.              

Kindle

Extinguish

2.              

Shallow

Deep

3.              

Lenient

Harsh

4.              

Accord

Dissent

5.              

Start

Finish

6.              

Universal

Regional

7.              

Bright

Dull

8.              

Ancestor

Descendants

9.              

Synthetic

Natural

10.           

Bliss

Sorrow

11.           

Deep

Shallow

12.           

Unstable

Steady

13.           

Validate

Disprove

14.           

Judicious

Indiscreet

15.           

Juxtaposition

Separation

16.           

Offer

Request

17.           

Minor

Major

18.           

Gorgeous

Plain

19.           

Former

Latter

20.           

Appropriate

Unskilled

21.           

Rabid

Rational

22.           

Opaque

Transparent

23.           

Fraternity

Hostility

24.           

Fool

Intelligent

25.           

Ruthless

Merciful

 

Synonyms: The words which are similar in the meaning to the given words are known as Synonyms.

 

S. No.

Word

Synonym

1.      

Placid

Calm

2.      

Commemorate

Remember

3.      

Amenities

Privileges

4.      

Gruesome

Frightful

5.      

Nebulous

Vague

6.      

Wrath

Anger

7.      

Grumble

Scold

8.      

Spite

Malice

9.      

Vulgar

Coarse

10.   

Mirth

Merriment

11.   

Terrific

Terrible

12.   

Diligent

Industrious

13.   

False

Untrue

14.   

Abrade

Wear off

15.   

Stammer

Falter

16.   

Massacre

Slaughter

17.   

Revise

After

18.   

Distinguish

Differentiate

19.   

Gratify

Pacify

20.   

Barter

Exchange

21.   

Terminate

End

22.   

Dank

Clammy

23.   

Abstruse

Reconcile

24.   

Adversity

Hardship

 

            Idioms and Phrases

 

An idiom is an expression, a word, or a phrase. The meaning of an idiom is completely different from the literal meaning of its individual elements. Idioms do not mean the same as what the words say but have a hidden meaning.

A phrase has two or more words which are related to each other. A phrase does not contain a verb and a subject.

Below are mentioned some idioms and phrases to develop your understanding.

 

1.    An arm and a leg-  Extremely expensive or costly

2.    Go the extra mile- To make a special effort

3.    Couch potato- A person who watches a lot of television and does little or no exercise

4.    Way around- To find an alternative or solution for something

5.    All ears- To be attentive

 

Homonyms

 

Homonyms are two or more words having same pronunciation or spelling but different meanings.

 

Look at the following examples.

 

1.    Air- The invisible gaseous substance which surrounds the earth

Heir- A person lawfully entitled to the property or rank of another on that person?s death

2.    Beach- A sandy shore especially by the sea

Beech- A large tree with smooth grey bark and glossy leaves

3.    Patience- The capacity to accept or tolerate problems

Patients- A person who receives medical treatment

 

Other Topics

Notes - Antonyms and Synonyms
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