10th Class English Analogy Analogy

Analogy

Category : 10th Class

 

Analogy

 

Analogy means similarity. It can exist between any two objects in a particular manner or it may be the case that the two objects are realted to each other in the same way as the other given objects are related. Some important types of relations are as follows.

 

1.            Disease and Cause relationship:

Disease                        Cause

Poliomyelitis                   Virus

Typhoid                         Bacteria

 

2.            Study and topic relationship:

Topic                           Study

Pedology                       Soil

Ontology                       Reality

 

3.            Worker and tool relationship:

Worker                         Tool

Sculptor                         Chisel

Jockey                           Tack

 

4.            Tool and action relationship:

Tool                             Action

Auger                            Bore

Spanner                         Grip

 

5.            Quantity and unit relationship:

Quantity                      Unit

Conductivity                  Mho

Luminosity                     Candela

 

6.            Product and raw material relationship:

Product                        Raw material

Shoes                            Leather

Sack                             Jute

 

7.            Male and female relationship:

Male                             Female

Drone                            Bee

Stag                              Doe

 

8.            Animal and young one relationship:

Animal                         Young one

Deer                              Fawn

Lion                              Cub

 

9.            Word and Synonym relationship:

Word                            Synonym

Sedate                           Calm

Mend                            Repair

 

10.          Word and Antonym relationship:

Word                            Antonym

Cordial                          Hostile

Chaos                           Peace

 

11.          Word and Intensity relationship:

Word                            Intensity

Kindle                            Burn

Error                             Blunder

 

12.          Worker and working place relationship:

Worker                         Working Place

Teacher                         School

Lawyer                          Court

 

13.          Instrument and measurement relationship:

Instrument                   Measurement

Voltmeter                       Voltage

Hygrometer                    Humidity

 

A few more examples are given to make your understanding better.

 

Direction (1 - 4): Select the pair among the given choices which is related in the same way as the words given in CAPITAL letters.

 

1.            STAIN : HONOUR :: ?

(a) Lose : Fame              (b) Blot : Escutcheon

(c) Doubt : Reputation     (d) Slander : Integrity

(e) None of these

Ans.     (b) The relation is of thing and quality.

 

2.            MOON : SATELLITE :: EARTH : ?

(a) Sun                          (b) Solar System

(c) Planet                       (d) Asteroid

(e) None of these

Ans.     (c) Moon is a satellite and Earth is a planet.

 

3.            FORECAST : FUTURE :: REGRET : ?

(a) Present                     (b) Sin

(c) Atone                       (d) Past

(e) None of these

Ans.     (d) Forecast is for future happenings while regret is for actions in past

 

4.            TRAITOR : COUNTRY :: ?

(a) Potentate : Kingdom

(b) Bureaucrat : Government

(c) Apostate : Religion

(d) Tailor : Law

(e) None of these

Ans.     (c) The relation is of betrayal.

 

Other Topics

Notes - Analogy
  15 10



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