(a) Transduction is the process by
which genetic material (DNA) is transferred from one bacterium to another
through the mediation of a vector, like virus
Other option are incorrect because
bacterial conjugation is the transfer of genetic material (plasmid) between
bacterial cells by direct cell-to-cell contact or by abridge-like connection
between two cells.
Transformation is the genetic
alteration of a cell resulting from the direct uptake and incorporation of
exogenous genetic material (exogenous DNA) from its surroundings and taken up
through the cell membranes. Translation is the process in which cellular
ribosomes create proteins. It is a part of the process of gene expression.
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