11th Class Chemistry The p-Block Elements-I

  • question_answer 62)   The reason for small radius of \[Ga\]compared to Al is.......... (a) poor screening effect of d- and f-orbitals       (b) increase in nuclear charge (c) presence of higher orbitals                                   (d) high atomic number

    Answer:

      (a, b) Both Al and \[Ga\]have nearly the same value of ionisation enthalpy inspite of the fact that \[Ga\]should have much lower value. This is due to the fact that screening effect of ten d-electrons present in the penultimate shell is poor and the outer electron is thus held firmly.


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