11th Class Chemistry Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry

  • question_answer 57)   Which of the following statements is correct about the reaction given below : \[4Fe(s)+3{{O}_{2}}(g)\to 2F{{e}_{2}}{{O}_{3}}(g)\] (a) Total mass of iron and oxygen in reactants = total mass of iron and oxygen in product therefore it follows law of conservation of mass. (b) Total mass of reactants = total mass of product; therefore, law of multiple proportions is followed. (c) Amount of \[F{{e}_{2}}{{O}_{3}}\] can be increased by taking any one of the reactants (iron or oxygen) in excess. (d) Amount of \[F{{e}_{2}}{{O}_{3}}\] produced will decrease if the amount of any one of the reactants (iron or oxygen) is taken in excess.

    Answer:

      (a) According to the law of conservation of mass : \[\Sigma \] Masses of reactants = \[\Sigma \] Masses of products


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