11th Class Chemistry Hydrocarbons

  • question_answer 44)   The addition of \[HBr\]to 1-butene gives a mixture of products A, B and C.                             \[\underset{(C)}{\mathop{C{{H}_{3}}-C{{H}_{2}}-C{{H}_{2}}-C{{H}_{2}}-Br}}\,\] The mixture consists of: (a) A and B as major and C as minor products      (b) B as major, A and C as minor products (c) B as minor, A and C as major products              (d) A and B as minor and C as major products

    Answer:

      (a) \[C{{H}_{3}}-\underset{1-Butene}{\mathop{C{{H}_{2}}-CH}}\,=C{{H}_{2}}+HBr\xrightarrow{Mark.addition}\]\[C{{H}_{3}}-C{{H}_{2}}-\underset{I(major)}{\mathop{\underset{\begin{smallmatrix}  | \\  Br \end{smallmatrix}}{\mathop{\overset{*}{\mathop{CH}}\,}}\,}}\,-C{{H}_{3}}+\underset{C(minor)}{\mathop{C{{H}_{3}}C{{H}_{2}}C{{H}_{2}}C{{H}_{2}}Br}}\,\] Since \[I\] contains a chiral carbon, it exist in two enantiomers(A and B) which are mirror images of each other.


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