• # question_answer 68)   Explain how does greenhouse effect cause global warming?

Visible light from the sun reaches die earth and heats it up. However, when the earth cools, the energy is re-emitted from die earth's surface in the form of infrared radiation which have longer wavelength and heating effect. These infrared radiation can be absorbed by $C{{O}_{2}}$ and ${{H}_{2}}O$vapours. The heat thus absorbed is radiated back to the surface of the earth. In this way, warming of the earth occurs. If the rate at which solar energy is arriving the earth remains constant but the amount of$C{{O}_{2}}$in the air increases, the heat radiated back to the earth will increase. Consequently, the temperature of the earth's surface will increase. Hence, global warming depends on the concentration of those gases which are responsible for greenhouse effect.